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土木工程类英文专业词汇(M-R)

点击数:3976 发布时间:2008/4/8 8:39:43 发布者:stevezz007


M
main axis
强轴(56)
main beam·
主梁(6)
major axis
强轴(56)
manual welding
手工焊接(59)
manufacture control
生产控制(22)
map cracking
龟裂(39)
masonry
砌体(17)
masonry lintel
砖过梁(43)
masonry member
无筋砌体构件(41)
masonry units
块体(43)
masonry—concrete structure
砖混结构(¨)
masonry—timber structure
砖木结构(11)
mechanical properties of materials·
材料力学性能(17)
melt—thru
烧穿(62)
method of sampling
抽样方法(23)
minimum strength class of masonry
砌体材料最低强度等级(47)
minor axls·
弱轴(56)
mix ratio of mortar
砂浆配合比(48)
mixing water
拌合水(27)
modified coefficient for allowable ratio of height to sectionalthickness of masonry wall 
砌体墙容许高厚比修正系数(47)
modified coefficient of flexural strength for timber curved mem—
弧形木构件抗弯强度修正系数(68)
modulus of elasticity of concrete
混凝土弹性模量(30)
modulus of elasticity parellel to grain
顺纹弹性模量(66)
moisture content
含水率(66)
moment modified factor
弯矩调幅系数
monitor frame
天窗架
mortar
砂浆
multi—defence system of earthquake—resistant building·
多道设防抗震建筑
multi—tube supported suspended structure
多筒悬挂结构
N
nailed joint
钉连接,
net height
净高l
net span
净跨度
net water
cementratio 净水灰比
non-destructive inspection of weld
焊缝无损检验
non-destructive test
非破损检验
non-load—bearingwall
非承重墙
non—uniform cross—section beam
变截面粱
non—uniformly distributed strain coefficient of longitudinal tensile reinforcement
纵向受拉钢筋应变不均匀系数
normal concrete
普通混凝土
normal section
正截面
notch and tooth joint
齿连接
number of sampling
抽样数量

O
obligue section
斜截面
oblique—angle fillet weld
斜角角焊缝
one—way reinforced(or prestressed)concrete slab‘‘
单向板
open web roof truss
空腹屋架,
ordinary concrete
普通混凝土(28)
ordinary steel bar
普通钢筋(29)
orthogonal fillet weld
直角角焊缝(61)
outstanding width of flange
翼缘板外伸宽度(57)
outstanding width of stiffener
加劲肋外伸宽度(57)
over-all stability reduction coefficient of steel beam·
钢梁整体稳定系数(58) 
overlap
焊瘤(62)
overturning or slip resistance analysis 
抗倾覆、滑移验算(10)
P
padding plate
垫板(52)
partial penetrated butt weld
不焊透对接焊缝(61)
partition
非承重墙(7)
penetrated butt weld
透焊对接焊缝(60)
percentage of reinforcement
配筋率(34)
perforated brick
多孔砖(43)
pilastered wall
带壁柱墙(42)
pit·
凹坑(62)
pith
髓心(?o)
plain concrete structure
素混凝土结构(24)
plane hypothesis
平截面假定(32)
plane structure
平面结构(11)
plane trussed lattice grids
平面桁架系网架(5)
plank
板材(65)
plastic adaption coefficient of cross—section
截面塑性发展系数(58)
plastic design of steel structure
钢结构塑性设计(56)
plastic hinge·
塑性铰(13)
plastlcity coefficient of reinforced concrete member in tensile zone
受拉区混凝土塑性影响系数(34)
plate—like space frame
干板型网架(5)
plate—like space truss
平板型网架(5)
plug weld
塞焊缝(60)
plywood
胶合板(65)
plywood structure
胶合板结构(64)
pockmark
麻面(39)
polygonal top-chord roof truss
多边形屋架(4)
post—tensioned prestressed concrete structure
后张法预应力混凝土结构(24)
precast reinforced concrete member
预制混凝土构件(26)
prefabricated concrete structure
装配式混凝土结构(25)
presetting time
初凝时间(38)
prestressed concrete structure
预应力混凝土结构(24)
prestressed steel structure
预应力钢结构(50)
prestressed tendon
预应力筋<29)
pre—tensioned prestressed concrete structure·
先张法预应力混凝土结构(24)
primary control
初步控制(22)
production control
生产控制(22)
properties of fresh concrete
可塑混凝土性能(37)
properties of hardened concrete
硬化混凝土性能(38)
property of building structural materials
建筑结构材料性能(17)
purlin“—””—
檩条(4)
Q
qlue timber structurer
胶合木结构()
quality grade of structural timber
木材质量等级(?0)
quality grade of weld
焊缝质量级别(61)
quality inspection of bolted connection
螺栓连接质量检验(63)
quality inspection of masonry
砌体质量检验(48)
quality inspection of riveted connection
铆钉连接质量检验(63)
quasi—permanent value of live load on floor or roof
楼面、屋面活荷载准永久值(15)
R
radial check
辐裂(70)
ratio of axial compressive force to axial compressive ultimate capacity of section
轴压比(35)
ratio of height to sectional thickness of wall or column
砌体墙柱高、厚比(48)
ratio of reinforcement
配筋率(34)
ratio of shear span to effective depth of section
剪跨比(35)
redistribution of internal force
内力重分布(13)
reducing coefficient of compressive strength in sloping grain for bolted connection
螺栓连接斜纹承压强度降低系数(68)
reducing coefficient of liveload
活荷载折减系数(14)
reducing coefficient of shearing strength for notch and tooth connection
齿连接抗剪强度降低系数(68)
regular earthquake—resistant building
规则抗震建筑(9)
reinforced concrete deep beam
混凝土深梁(26)
reinforced concrete slender beam
混凝土浅梁(26)
reinforced concrete structure
钢筋混凝土结构(24)
reinforced masonry structure
配筋砌体结构(41)
reinforcement ratio
配筋率(34)
reinforcement ratio per unit volume
体积配筋率(35)
relaxation of prestressed tendon
预应筋松弛(31)
representative value of gravity load
重力荷载代表值(17)
resistance to abrasion
耐磨性(38)
resistance to freezing and thawing
抗冻融性(39)
resistance to water penetration·
抗渗性(38)
reveal of reinforcement
露筋(39)
right—angle filletweld
直角角焊缝(61)
rigid analysis scheme
刚性方案(45)
rigid connection
刚接(21)
rigid transverse wall
刚性横墙(42)
rigid zone
刚域(13)
rigid-elastic analysis scheme
刚弹性方案(45)
rigidity of section
截面刚度(19)
rigidly supported continous girder
刚性支座连续梁(11)
ring beam
圈梁(42)
rivet
铆钉(55)
riveted connecction
铆钉连接(60)
riveted steel beam
铆接钢梁(52)
riveted steel girder
铆接钢梁(52)
riveted steel structure
铆接钢结构(50)
rolle rsupport
滚轴支座(51)
rolled steel beam
轧制型钢梁(51)
roof board
屋面板(3)
roof bracing system
屋架支撑系统(4)
roof girder
屋面梁(4)
roof plate
屋面板(3)
roof slab
屋面板(3)
roof system
屋盖(3)
roof truss
屋架(4)
rot
腐朽(71)
round wire
光圆钢丝(29)