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中国特色词汇(R-Y)

点击数:4026 发布时间:2008/4/9 20:24:48 发布者:stevezz007


R
· 人才交流 talents exchange
· 人才流失 brain drain
· 人逢喜事精神爽 Joy puts heart into a man.
· 人海战术 huge-crowd strategy
· 人机交互 human-computer interaction
· 人气 popularity
· 人情债 debt of gratitude
· 人性化管理 human-based management
· 人之初,性本善 Man's nature at birth is good.
· 入境问俗,入乡随俗 When in Rome do as the Romans do.
· 瑞雪兆丰年 A timely snow promises a good harvest.
· 弱肉强食法则 law of the jungle
· 弱势群体 disadvantageous groups

S
· 塞翁失马,焉知非福 Misfortune may be an actual blessing.
· 三八红旗手 woman pace-setter
· 三八线 38th Parallel
· 三步走战略 the three-step development strategy
· 三大作风 the Party's three important styles of work (integrating theory with practice,
forging close links with the masses and practicing self-criticism)
· 三高农业 "three highs" agriculture (high yield, high quality and high efficiency agriculture)
· 三个代表 three represents theory (the Party must always represent the requirements of the development of China's advanced productive forces, the orientation of the development of China's advanced culture, and the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people in China.)
· 三个有利于 three favorables (whether it promotes the growth of the productive forces in a socialist society, increases the overall strenth of the socialist state and raises the people's living standards
· 《三国演义》 The Romance of the Three Kingdoms
· 三好学生 merit student; three good student(good in study, attitude and health)
· 三讲教育(讲学习、讲政治、讲正气) three emphases education (to stress theoretical study, political awareness and good conduct)
· 三角恋爱 love triangle
· 三角债 chain debt
· 三来一补企业 "the enterprises that process raw materials on clients' demands, assemble parts for the clients and process according to the clients' samples; or engage in compensation trade."
· 三连冠 three successive championships
· 三民主义 the Three People's Principles (Nationalism, Democracy and the People's Livelihood) put forward by Dr. Sun Yat-sen
· 三陪 girls who provides illegal sexual services, esp. prostitute
· 三十而立 "A man should be independent at the age of thirty. / At thirty, a man should be able to think for himself."
· 三通 "three direct links of trade, mail, and air and shipping services across the Taiwan Straits "
· 三通一平 "three supplies and one leveling; supply of water, electricity and road and leveled ground (conditions ready for further economic development)"
· 三下乡 "a program under which officials, doctors, scientist and college students go to the countryside to spread scientific and literacy knowledge and offer medical service to farmers"
· "三沿"开放(沿海、沿边、沿江) "Sea-shore, River-shore, Border-shore" opening-up
· 三字经 three-character scripture
· 三资企业(中外合资企业,中外合作企业,外商独资企业) "three kinds of foreign-invested enterprises or ventures: Sino-foreign joint ventures, cooperative businesses and exclusively foreign-owned enterprises in China "
· 扫黄,打非 eliminate pornography and illegal publications
· 扫盲 eliminate illiteracy
· 山不在高,有仙则名 "No matter how high the mountain is, its name will spread far and wide if there is a fairy; "
· 上岗 go to one's post; go on duty
· 上岗证 work license
· 上山下乡 (of educated urban youth) go and work in the countryside or mountain areas
· 上市 to be listed
· 上市公司 listed companies
· 上有天堂,下有苏杭 "Just as there is paradise in heaven, ther are Suzhou and Hangzhou on earth."
· 少数服从多数、下级服从上级、局部服从全体、全党服从中央 "the minority is subordinate to the majority, the lower level to the higher level, the part to the whole and the entire membership of the Party to the Central Committee "
· 社会福利彩票 social welfare lotteries
· 社会主义精神文明建设 socialist ideological and ethical progress
· 社会主义市场经济 socialist market economy
· 深加工 deep processing; further processing
· 身体素质 physique; physical constitution
· 身外之物 worldly possessions
· 神州行电话卡 Shenzhou pre-paid card
· 圣战(伊斯兰教徒对异教徒的战争) jihad
· 时不我待 Time and tide wait for no man.
· 实践是检验真理的唯一标准 Practice is the sole criterion for testing truth.
· 失恋 be disappointed in love; be jilted
· 世上无难事,只要肯攀登 "Where there is a will, there is a way. "
· 实事求是 seek truth from facts; be practical and realistic; be true to facts
· 十五计划《纲要》突出了战略性、宏观性、政策性 The Outline for the Tenth Five-Year highlights its strategic vision, broad perspectives and policy considerations
· 实现零的突破 "fulfil the zero (gold medal, medal, etc) breakthrough"
· 实现小康目标 to achieve the goal of ensuring our people a relative comfortable life
· 实现中华民族伟大复兴 bring about a great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation
· 实行计划生育、控制人口数量、提高人口素质 promotion of family planning to control the population size and improve the health of the people
· 事业单位 public institution
· 十一界三中全会 the Third Session of the Eleventh Central Committee of the Party
· 瘦肉精(盐酸克伦特罗) clenobuterol hydrochloride
· 涮羊肉 instant-boiled mutton
· 双刃剑 double-edged sword
· 双赢局面 win-win situation
· 《水浒传》 Heroes of the Marshes; Water Margins
· 水货 smuggled goods
· 水墨画 Chinese brush drawing; ink and wash painting
· 谁言寸草心,报得三春晖 "Such kindness of warm sun, can't be repaid by grass. "
· 水涨船高 When the river rises, the boat floats high.
· 说曹操,曹操到 Talk of the devil and he comes.
· 说起来容易做起来难 Easier said than done.
· 死而后已 until my heart stops beating
· 四个现代化 four modernizations (the modernization of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology)

T
· 台湾是中国神圣领土不可分割的一部分 Taiwan is an inalienable part of the
inviolable territory of China.
· 台湾同胞 Taiwan compatriots
· 台湾、香港、澳门保持原有的资本主义制度和生活方式长期不变 Taiwan, Hong Kong
and Macao will retain the current capitalist system and way of life for a long time to come.
· 炭疽 anthrax
· 踢皮球 pass the buck
· 逃废银行债务 evasion of repayment of bank loans
· 韬光养晦 hide one's capacities and bide one's time
· 讨价还价 wheel and deal
· 统筹兼顾 make overall plans adn take all factors into consideration; overall
planning and all-round consideration
· 同乡会 an association of fellow provincials or townsmen
· 筒子楼 tube-shaped apartment
· 团队精神 team spirit; esprit de corps
· 团结就是力量 Unity is strength.
· 退耕还林还草 grain for green
· 退耕还林还牧 convert the land for forestry and pasture
· 鸵鸟政策 ostrich policy; ostrichism
· 脱贫致富 "cast (shake, throw) off poverty and set out on a road to prosperity"
· 拖欠工资 arrears of wage

W
· 挖墙脚 undermine the foundation of sth.; cut the ground from under sb's feet
· 歪风邪气 unhealthy practices and evil phenomena
· 外卖 take-out
· 外滩(上海) The Bund
· 外星人 extraterrestrial being (ET)
· 外需 overseas market demand
· 网吧 Internet bar
· 网虫 netter; Internet geek
· 网民 netizen; net citizen; cyber citizen
· 网上冲浪 surf the Internet
· 往事如风 "The past has vanished (from memory) like wind.; What in past, is past."
· 网友 net friend
· 望子成龙 hold high hopes for one's child
· 伪君子 hypocrite; a wolf in sheep's clothing
· 威武之师,文明之师 mighty force and civilized force
· 文本短信服务 SMS (Short Messaging Service)
· 稳定压倒一切 Maintaining stability is of top priority
· 文科 liberal arts
· 我们在国际上说话是算数的 We always live up to our international commitments.
· 五保户 household enjoying the five guarantees (childless and infirm old persons who are guarateed food,
clothing, medical care, housing and burial expenses)
· 屋顶花园 broof garden
· 无风不起浪 There are no waves without wind. There's no smoke without fire.
· 无缝网络 Seamless Network
· 无氟冰箱 Freon-free refrigerator 
· 无公害蔬菜 "green" vegetable
· 物价局 Price Bureau
· 五讲四美三热爱 the movement of "five stresses, four points of beauty and three loves"
(The five stresses are: stress on decorum, manners, hygiene, discipline and morals.
The four points of beauty are: beauty of the mind, language, behavior adn the enviornment.
The three loves are: love of the motherland, socialism and the Communist Party.)
· 五金化工 metals and chemicals
· 物流 logistics; the interflow of goods and materials
· 屋漏又逢连阴雨 Misfortunes never come singly. When it rains it pours.
· 无人售票 self-service ticketing
· 无线应用协议 WAPwireless application protocol
· 污水处理 sewage treatment/ disposal
· 武侠小说 tales of roving knights; martial arts novel; kung fu novel
· 无形资产 intangible assets; immaterial property
· 业主 home owner
· 物业公司 property management company
· 物业管理 estate management, property management
· 物以类聚,人以群分 Birds of a feather flock together.
· 无源之水,无本之木 water without a source, and a tree wiithout roots
· 物质文明 material progress
· 物质文明建设和精神文明建设一起抓 pay attention to ethical as well as material progress
· 物种起源 origin of species
· 无中生有 make/create something out of nothing
X
· 西部大开发 Western Development
· 西电东送 transmit the electricity from the western areas to East China;
West-East electricity transmission project
· 西电东送 transmission of electricity from the western to the eastern region
· 洗礼 baptism
· 西气东输 transmit the natural gas from the western areas to East China;
West-East natural gas transmission project
· 洗钱 money laundering
· 希望工程 Hope Project
· 《西厢记》 The Romance of West Chamber
· 《西行漫记》 Red Star over China
· 夕阳产业 sunset industry
· 西洋景 Peep Show
· 喜忧参半 mingled hope and fear
· 《西游记》 Pilgrimage to the West; Journey to the West
· 下放权力给 delegating the management of ... (to ...)
· 下岗职工 laid-off workers
· 下岗职工基本生活费 subsistence allowances for laid-off workers
· 下海 plunge into the commercial sea
· 现代企业制度 modern enterprise system; modern corporate system
· 先发制人战略 pre-emptive strategy
· 县级市 county-level city
· 先入为主 First impressions are firmly entrenched.
· 先下手为强 catch the ball before the bound
· 香港明天更好基金会 Better Hong Kong Foundation
· 香港特别行政区 Hong Kong Special Administrative Region(HKSAR)
· 向钱看 "mammonism, put money above all"
· 像热锅上的蚂蚁 like an ant on a hot pan
· 乡统筹,村提留 fees paid by farmers for overall township planning and village reserve
· 小而全 small and all-inclusive
· 小金库 a private coffer
· 小康 a comfortable level of living; a better-off life; moderate prosperity
· 小康之家 well-off family; comfortably-off family
· 效率优先,兼顾公平 give priority to efficiency with due consideration to fairness
· 校训 school motto
· 宵夜 a stoke of midnight
· 效益工资 achievements-related wages; wages based on benefits
· 邪恶轴心 axis of evil
· 邪教 heathendom
· 斜拉索桥 stayed-cable bridge
· 写真集 photo album
· 信得过产品 trustworthy product
· 新的经济增长点 new point for/ sources of economic growth
· 新干线 "the Shinkansen, bullet train"
· 新官上任三把火 a new broom sweeps clean
· 心理素质 psychological quality
· 信息高速公路 information superhighway
· 心想事成 May all your wish come true
· 新新人类 New Human BeingX Generation
· 形成全方位、多层次、宽领域的开放格局 form an all-directional,
multi-layered and wide-ranging opening pattern
· 形而上学 metaphysics
· 性价比 cost performance
· 形式主义 formalism
· 形象小姐/先生 image representative of a product or a brand
· 虚开增值税发票 write false value added tax invoices
· 许可证制度 license granting mechanisms
· 虚心使人进步,骄傲使人落后 Modesty helps one go forward,
whereas conceit makes one lag behind.
· 悬而未决的问题 outstanding question
· 选美 beauty contest
· 学而优则仕 (a Confucian slogan for education) a good scholar can become an official;
? he who excels in study can follow an official career
· 学历教育 education with record of formal schooling
· 学生减负 alleviate the burden on students

Y
· 亚太经济合作组织 APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation)
· 亚洲金融危机 financial crisis in Asia
· 严打措施 "Strike-Hard"" drive "
· 严打斗争 "Strike-Hard Operation, campaign to crack down relentlessly on criminal activities"
· 沿海经济开发区 open coastal economic area
· 眼前利益服从长远利益,局部利益服从整体利益,个人和集体利益服从国家利益
subordinate immediate interests to long-term interests, partial interests to overall interests
and the interests of individuals and collectives to those of the state
· 言情小说 romantic fiction; sentimental novel
· 严以律己,宽以待人 be strict with oneself and lenient towards others
· 阳春(最经济方式) no-frills
· 羊肉串小摊 barbecue stall
· 洋务运动 Westernization Movement
· 摇钱树 cash cow
· 摇头丸 dancing outreach
· 以产定人,减员增效 employ workers in accordance with production needs and
increase efficiency while reducing the staff
· 一次性筷子 throwaway chopsticks
· 一次性用品 disposable goods
· 一刀切 cut it even at one stroke--make it rigidly uniform; impose uniformity in all cases;
allow no flexibility
· 移动通讯 mobile communication
· 依法治国 manage state affairs according to law; run state affairs according to law
· 以法治国,以德治国 to govern the country with law and moral
· 一帆风顺 Wishing you every success
· 一方有难,八方支援 When disaster struck, help came from all sides.
· 一个中心,两个基本点 one central task, two basic points
· 以公有制为主体,多种经济成分共同发展 the pattern with the public sector remaining
dominant and diverse sectors of the economy developing side by side
· 一国两制 "One country, two systems"
· 义和团运动 Boxer Uprising
· 以经济建设为中心 focusing on the central task of economic construction
· 一揽子(计划) one-package (plan)
· 一切向钱看 money-oriented
· 以权谋私 abuse of power for personal gains
· 以人为本 people oriented; people foremost
· 以上海浦东开发开放为龙头,进一步开放长江沿岸城市 open more cities along the Yangtze River, while concentrating on the development and opening of the Pudong Area of Shanghai
· 一手抓物质文明,一手抓精神文明;一手抓经济建设,一手抓民主法制;一手抓改革开放,一手抓打击犯罪惩治腐败 We must always work for material progress and at the same time for cultural and ethical progress; We should develop the economy and at the same time strengthen democracy and the legal system; We should promote reform and opening to the outside world and at the same time fight crime and punish corruption.
· 义演 benefit performance; charity performance
· 以眼还眼,以牙还牙 an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth
· 一言既出,驷马难追 A real man never goes back on his words.
· 以质量求生存、求发展、求效益 "strive for survival, development and efficiency on the basis of quality"
· 以质量求发展 strategy of development through quality; win the market with quality products
· 硬道理 "absolute principle, top priority"
· 英雄所见略同 Great minds think alike.
· 营养不良 malnutrition
· 有法可依,有法必依,执法必严,违法必究 There must be laws to go by, the laws must be observed and strictly enforced, and lawbreakers must be prosecuted.
· 有个奔头 have something to look forward to; have somehthing to expect
· 忧患意识 awareness of unexpected development; being prepared for unexpected development; being prepared for any eventualities
· 优化资源配置 optimize the allocation of resources
· 优化组合 optimization grouping; optional regrouping
· 有理想、有道德、有文化、有纪律 "with lofty ideals, integrety, knowledge and a strong
sense of discipline"
· 有理,有利,有节 on just grounds, to one's advantage and with restraint with good reason, with advantage and with restraint
· 有钱能使鬼推磨 Money makes the mare go. Money talks.
· 有情人终成眷属 "Jack shall have Jill, all shall be well."
· 优胜劣汰 survival of the fittest
· 优势互补 (of two countries or companies) have complementary advantages
· 有识之士 people of vision
· 有缘千里来相会 Separated as we are thousands of miles apart, we come together as if by predestination.
· 有中国特色的社会主义道路 road of socialism with Chinese characteristics
· 有中国特色的社会主义民主政治 a socilalist democracy with Chinese characteristics
· 鹬蚌相争,渔人得利 "when the snip and the calm grapple, it is the fisherman who stands to benefit; two dogs strive for a bone, and a third runs away with it"
· 预防为主,谁污染谁治理和强化环境管理三大政策 three major principles for environment control: to put prevention first, to hold those who cause pollution responsible for cleaning up and to improve environmental protection and management
· 与国际惯例接轨 become compatible with internationally accepted practices
· 与国际市场接轨 integrate with the world market; become integrated into the global market
· 欲穷千里目,更上一层楼 "to ascend another storey to see a thousand miles further;
Ascend further, were you to look farther; Would eye embrace a thousand miles? Go up, one flight."
· 与时俱进 advance with the times
· 冤假错案 "cases in which people were unjustly, falsely or wrongly charged or sentenced; unjust, false or wrong cases"
· 冤家宜解不宜结 Better make friends than make enemies.
· 援藏干部 cadres sent to support/aid Tibet