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防治禽流感常用词汇

点击数:3959 发布时间:2008/4/11 22:35:49 发布者:stevezz007


季节性流行病 seasonal epidemics

禽流感 avian influenza/ bird flu

高致病性 high pathogenicity

高致病性禽流感 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza/HPAI

迁徙性的水禽 migratory waterfowl

岸禽 shore birds

家禽 poultry

防病措施 prophylactic measures

快速病房试验rapid bedside tests

抗病毒药物 antiviral drugs

Tamiflu  泰米弗氯 (瑞士罗氏制药公司研制的抗流感药物)

M2 inhibitors  M2抑制剂

amantadine金刚(), 三环癸胺(抗病毒药)

rimantadine金刚烷乙胺

neuralminidase inhibitors神经氨()酸苷酶, 唾液酸苷酶

zanimivir扎那米韦(葛兰素史克生产的抗流感药物)

能迅速破坏流感病毒传染性的化学物品:

有机溶剂organic solvent

乙醚aether

氯仿chloroform

丙酮 acetone

福尔马林 formalin

氧化剂oxidant

稀酸 diluted acid

去氧胆酸钠 deoxysodium cholate

羟胺 hydroxylamine

十二烷基硫酸钠lauryl sodium sulfate

铵离子ammonium ion

卤素化合物 halogen compounds

漂白粉 bleaching powder

碘剂 idodine

重金属离子 heavy metal ion

紫外线 ultraviolet radiation

消毒剂 disinfectants

防护服 protective clothingmasks of N95-type

 

扑杀(动物) cullstamp out, destroy

兽体 carcasses

带病毒的(动物)粪便 contaminated manure/droppings/faeces

机械性传媒 mechanical vectors

自然宿主 natural reservoir (of bird flu viruses)

抗传染 resistant to infection

流感流行 influenza pandemic

禽传人 birds-to-human transmission

人传人 human-to-human transmission, person-to-person transmission

人患禽流感 human cases of bird flu

世界卫生组织全球流感监测网络  WHO Global Influenza Surveillance Network

网络实验室 network laboratories

H5N1类禽流感 H5N1 strain

预防措施 pre-emptive measures/preventative measures

有与其它流感病毒交换基因的倾向:have the propensity to exchange genes with influenza viruses from other species.

现有的疫苗 currently available vaccines, existing vaccines

注射疫苗 vaccinate

(病毒)分离 isolate

原型病毒 prototype virus

正粘病毒OrthomyxoVirus

哺乳动物病毒mammalian virus

流感病毒属Influenza Virus

原型疫苗  prototype vaccine

H5N1原型病毒  H5N1prototype virus

储存疫苗 stockpiling vaccines

突然发病 sudden onset

引发流感流行 trigging an influenza pandemic

 

病毒突变 mutatevirus mutation

基因交换 gene swapping

基因重组 genetic recombination

基因易变 genetically labile

宿主的防御能力host defense

(基因)复制错误 replication errors

基因修复 gene repair

抗原变体antigenic variant

抗原变异 antigenic variation

抗原飘移 antigenic drift

抗原位移 antigenic shift

从病毒中获取遗传物质 scrambling/acquiring genetic materials from human and avian viruses

“混合器” mixing vessel

流感的亚型  influenza subtype

自然免疫力  natural immunity

 

中华人民共和国动物检疫法 Animal Quarantine Law of PRC

国家防治禽流感总指挥部 National Bird Flu Prevention Headquarters

组成部门:

发展改革委 State Development and Reform Commission

财政部 Ministry of Finance

卫生部Ministry of Health

农业部Ministry of Agriculture

质检总局State Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine

工商总局State Administration for Industry and Commerce

科技部Ministry of Science and Technology

商务部Ministry of Commerce

海关总署General Administration of Customs

国家禽流感参照实验室 National Bird Flu Reference Laboratory (设于哈尔滨市)

广东省防治禽流感工作领导小组 Provincial Bird Flu Prevention Leading Group