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外贸常用经典词汇与大家分享

点击数:4531 发布时间:2009/11/19 14:59:50 发布者:sanyo


出口信贷 export credit   出口津贴 export subsidy   商品倾销 dumping   外汇倾销 exchange dumping   优惠关税 special preferences   保税仓库 bonded warehouse   贸易顺差 favorable balance of trade   贸易逆差 unfavorable balance of trade   进口配额制 import quotas   自由贸易区 free trade zone   对外贸易值 value of foreign trade   国际贸易值 value of international trade   普遍优惠制 generalized system of preferences-GSP   最惠国待遇 most-favored nation treatment-MFNT       -------------------价格条件----------------------   价格术语trade term (price term)     运费freight   单价 price            码头费wharfage   总值 total value         卸货费landing charges   金额 amount            关税customs duty   净价 net price          印花税stamp duty   含佣价price including commission   港口税port dues   回佣return commission   .   装运港port of shipment   折扣discount, allowance     卸货港port of discharge   批发价 wholesale price     目的港port of destination   零售价 retail price      进口许口证import licence   现货价格spot price      出口许口证export licence   期货价格forward price   现行价格(时价)current price prevailing price   国际市场价格 world (International)Market price   离岸价(船上交货价)FOB-free on board   成本加运费价(离岸加运费价) C&F-cost and freight   到岸价(成本加运费、保险费价)CIF-cost,insurance and freight --------------------交货条件----------------------   交货delivery       轮船steamship(缩写S.S)   装运、装船shipment   租船charter (the chartered ship)   交货时间 time of delivery     定程租船voyage charter   装运期限time of shipment     定期租船time charter   托运人(一般指出口商)shipper, consignor   收货人consignee   班轮regular shipping liner     驳船lighter   舱位shipping space          油轮tanker   报关clearance of goods      陆运收据cargo receipt   提货to take delivery of goods   空运提单airway bill       正本提单original B\\L   选择港(任意港)optional port         选港费optional charges   选港费由买方负担 optional charges to be borne by the Buyers 或 optional charges for Buyers’ account   一月份装船 shipment during January 或 January shipment   一月底装船 shipment not later than Jan.31st.或shipment on or before Jan.31st.   一/二月份装船 shipment during Jan./Feb.或 Jan./Feb. shipment   在......(时间)分两批装船 shipment during....in two lots   在......(时间)平均分两批装船 shipment during....in two equal lots   分三个月装运 in three monthly shipments   分三个月,每月平均装运 in three equal monthly shipments   立即装运 immediate shipments   即期装运 prompt shipments   收到信用证后30天内装运 shipments within 30 days after receipt of L/C   允许分批装船 partial shipment not allowed partial shipment not permitted partial shipment not unacceptable ---------------交易磋商、合同签订-----------------   订单 indent         订货;订购 book; booking   电复 cable reply      实盘 firm offer   递盘 bid; bidding      递实盘 bid firm   还盘 counter offer     发盘(发价) offer   发实盘 offer firm      询盘(询价) inquiry;enquiry ---------------交易磋商、合同签订-----------------   订单 indent         订货;订购 book; booking   电复 cable reply      实盘 firm offer   递盘 bid; bidding      递实盘 bid firm   还盘 counter offer     发盘(发价) offer   发实盘 offer firm      询盘(询价) inquiry;enquiry       ---------------交易磋商、合同签订-----------------   指示性价格 price indication   速复 reply immediately   参考价 reference price   习惯做法 usual practice   交易磋商 business negotiation        不受约束 without engagement   业务洽谈 business discussion   限**复 subject to reply **   限* *复到 subject to reply reaching here **   有效期限 time of validity     有效至**: valid till **   购货合同 purchase contract     销售合同 sales contract   购货确认书 purchase confirmation   销售确认书 sales confirmation         一般交易条件 general terms and conditions   以未售出为准 subject to prior sale   需经卖方确认 subject to seller’s confirmation   需经我方最后确认 subject to our final confirmation       ------------------贸易方式------------------------   INT (拍卖auction)          寄售consignment   招标invitation of tender   投标submission of tender   一般代理人agent         总代理人general agent   代理协议agency agreement   累计佣金accumulative commission   补偿贸易compensation trade (或抵偿贸易)compensating/compensatory trade   (又叫:往返贸易) counter trade       来料加工processing on giving materials       来料装配assembling on provided parts       独家经营/专营权exclusive right       独家经营/包销/代理协议exclusivity agreement       独家代理 sole agency; sole agent; exclusive agency;          exclusive agent    -------------------品质条件-----------------------       品质 quality      原样 original sample       规格 specifications   复样 duplicate sample       说明 description    对等样品 countersample       标准 standard type   参考样品 reference sample       商品目录 catalogue   封样 sealed sample       宣传小册 pamphlet    公差 tolerance       货号 article No.    花色(搭配) assortment       样品 sample 5%     增减 5% plus or minus       代表性样品 representative sample       大路货(良好平均品质)fair average quality       --------------------商检仲裁-----------------------       索赔 claim        争议disputes       罚金条款 penalty      仲裁arbitration       不可抗力 force Majeure  仲裁庭arbitral tribunal       产地证明书certificate of origin       品质检验证书 inspection certificate of quanlity       重量检验证书 inspection certificate of weight (quantity)       **商品检验局 **commodity inspection bureau (*.C.I.B)       品质、重量检验证书 inspection certificate       ---------------------数量条件-----------------------       个数 number         净重 net weight       容积 capacity        毛作净 gross for net       体积 volume         皮重 tare       毛重 gross weight            溢短装条款 more or less clause