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十七大报告中英文对照-2

    来源:翻译界  浏览次数:3207  添加时间:2008/3/31

科学发展观,第一要义是发展,核心是以人为本,基本要求是全面协调可持续,根本方法是统筹兼顾。


The Scientific Outlook on Development takes development as its essence, putting people first as wits core, comprehensive, balanced and sustainable development as its basic requirement, and overall consideration as its fundamental approach.


——必须坚持把发展作为党执政兴国的第一要务。发展,对于全面建设小康社会、加快推进社会主义现代化,具有决定性意义。要牢牢扭住经济建设这个中心,坚持聚精会神搞建设、一心一意谋发展,不断解放和发展社会生产力。更好实施科教兴国战略、人才强国战略、可持续发展战略,着力把握发展规律、创新发展理念、转变发展方式、破解发展难题,提高发展质量和效益,实现又好又快发展,为发展中国特色社会主义打下坚实基础。努力实现以人为本、全面协调可持续的科学发展,实现各方面事业有机统一、社会成员团结和睦的和谐发展,实现既通过维护世界和平发展自己、又通过自身发展维护世界和平的和平发展。


——We must regard development as the top priority of the Party in governing arid rejuvenating the country. Development is of decisive significance for building a moderately prosperous society in all respects and speeding up socialist modernization. We must firmly commit ourselves to the central task of economic development, concentrate on construction and developing the productive forces. We must better implement the strategy of rejuvenating the country through science and education, the strategy of strengthening the nation with trained personnel and the strategy of sustainable development. We must grasp the law of development, make innovations in our thinking, transform the mode of development, crack hard issues and. raise quality and efficiency to achieve: sound and rapid development, so that we can lay a solid foundation for developing socialism with Chinese characteristics. We must strive for scientific development by putting people first and making it comprehensive, balanced and sustainable; we must strive for harmonious development by integrating all undertakings and promoting unity and amity among all members of society; and we must strive for peaceful development in the course of which China develops itself by safeguarding world peace and contributes to world peace by developing itself.


——必须坚持以人为本。全心全意为人民服务是党的根本宗旨,党的一切奋斗和工作都是为了造福人民。要始终把实现好、维护好、发展好最广泛人民的根本利益作为党和国家一切工作的出发点和落脚点,尊重人民主体地位,发挥人民首创精神,保障人民各项权益,走共同富裕道路,促进人的全面发展,做到发展为了人民、发展依靠人民、发展成果由人民共享。


-——We must always put people first. Serving the people wholeheartedly is the fundamental purpose of the Party, and its every endeavor is for the well-being of the people. We must always make sure that the aim and outcome of all the work of the Party and the state is to realize, safeguard and expand the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people. We must respect the principal position of the people in the country's political life, give play to their creativity, protect their rights and interests, take the path of prosperity for all and promote their all-round development, to ensure that development is for the people, by the people and with the people sharing in its fruits.


——必须坚持全面协调可持续发展。要按照中国特色社会主义事业总体布局,全面推进经济建设、政治建设、文化建设、社会建设,促进现代化建设各个环节、各个方面相协调,促进生产关系与生产力、上层建筑与经济基础相协调。坚持生产发展、生活富裕、生态良好的文明发展道路,建设资源节约型、环境友好型社会,实现速度和结构质量效益相统一、经济发展与人口资源环境相协调,使人民在良好生态环境中生产生活,实现经济社会永续发展。


——We must pursue comprehensive, balanced and sustainable development. In accordance with the overall arrangements for the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, we will promote all-round economic, political, cultural and social development, coordinate all links and aspects of our modernization drive, and balance the relations of production with the productive forces and the superstructure with the economic base. We must adopt an enlightened approach to development that results in expanded production, a better life and sound ecological and environmental conditions, and build a resource-conserving and environment-friendly society that coordinates growth rate with the economic structure, quality and efficiency, and harmonizes economic growth with the population, resources and the environment, so that our people will live and work under sound ecological and environmental conditions and our economy and society will develop in a sustainable way.


——必须坚持统筹兼顾。要正确认识和妥善处理中国特色社会主义事业中的重大关系,统筹城乡发展、区域发展、经济社会发展、人与自然和谐发展、国内发展和对外开放,统筹中央和地方关系,统筹个人利益和集体利益、局部利益和整体利益、当前利益和长远利益,充分调动各方面积极性。统筹国内国际两个大局,树立世界眼光,加强战略思维,善于从国际形势发展变化中把握发展机遇、应对风险挑战,营造良好国际环境。既要总揽全局、统筹规划,又要抓住牵动全局的主要工作、事关群众利益的突出问题,着力推进、重点突破。


——We must persist in overall consideration. We need to correctly understand and handle the major relationships in the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics and balance urban and rural development, development among regions, economic and social development, relations between man and nature, and domestic development and opening to the outside world. We must take into overall consideration the relationships between the central and local authorities, between personal and collective interests, between interests of the part and those of the whole, and between immediate and long-term interests, so as to fully arouse the initiative of all sides. We must take both the domestic and international situations into consideration, develop a global and strategic perspective, be good at seizing opportunities for development and coping with risks and challenges in a changing world, and work far a favorable international environment. While planning our work from an overall perspective, we need to work hard to make breakthroughs on the key issues that affect the overall situation and on the major problems that affect public interests.


深入贯彻落实科学发展观,要求我们始终坚持“一个中心、两个基本点”的基本路线。党的基本路线是党和国家的生命线,是实现科学发展的政治保证。以经济建设为中心是兴国之要,是我们党、我们国家兴旺发达和长治久安的根本要求;四项基本原则是立国之本,是我们党、我们国家生存发展的政治基石;改革开放是强国之路,是我们党、我们国家发展进步的活力源泉。要坚持把以经济建设为中心同四项基本原则、改革开放这两个基本点统一于发展中国特色社会主义的伟大实践,任何时候都决不能动摇。


To thoroughly apply the Scientific Outlook on Development, we must always adhere to the Party's basic line of taking economic development as the central task and upholding the Four Cardinal Principles and the reform and opening up policy, known as "one central task and two basic points." As the lifeblood of the Party and the country, this basic line provides the political guarantee for scientific development. Taking economic development as the central task is vital to invigorating our nation and is the fundamental requirement for the robust growth and lasting stability of the Party and the nation. The Four Cardinal Principles are the very foundation for building our country and the political cornerstone for the survival and development of the Party and the nation. Reform and opening up are the path to a stronger China and the source of vitality for the Party and the nation in development and progress. We will continue to apply the line of "one central task and two basic points" in its entirety in our great endeavor to develop socialism with Chinese characteristics; we will never deviate from this line.


深入贯彻落实科学发展观,要求我们积极构建社会主义和谐社会。社会和谐是中国特色社会主义的本质属性。科学发展和社会和谐是内在统一的。没有科学发展就没有社会和谐,没有社会和谐也难以实现科学发展。构建社会主义和谐社会是贯穿中国特色社会主义事业全过程的长期历史任务,是在发展的基础上正确处理各种社会矛盾的历史过程和社会结果。要通过发展增加社会物质财富、不断改善人民生活,又要通过发展保障社会公平正义、不断促进社会和谐。实现社会公平正义是中国共产党人的一贯主张,是发展中国特色社会主义的重大任务。要按照民主法治、公平正义、诚信友爱、充满活力、安定有序、人与自然和谐相处的总要求和共同建设、共同享有的原则,着力解决人民最关心、最直接、最现实的利益问题,努力形成全体人民各尽其能、各得其所而又和谐相处的局面,为发展提供良好社会环境。


To thoroughly apply the Scientific Outlook on Development, we must work energetically to build a harmonious socialist society. Social harmony is an essential attribute of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Scientific development and social harmony are integral to each other and neither is possible without the other. Building a harmonious socialist society is a historical mission throughout the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics, as well as a historical process and the social outcome of correctly handling various social problems on the basis of development. It is through development that we will increase the material wealth of society and constantly improve people's lives, and it is again through development that we will guarantee social equity and justice and constantly promote social harmony. To realize social equity and justice is the Chinese Communists' consistent position and a major task of developing socialism with Chinese characteristics. In accordance with the general requirements for democracy and the rule of law, equity and justice, honesty and fraternity, vigor and vitality, stability and order, and harmony between man and nature and the principle of all the people building and sharing a harmonious socialist society, we will spare no effort to solve the mast specific problems of the utmost and immediate concern to the people and strive to create a situation in which alI people do their best, find their proper places in society and live together in harmony, so as to provide a favorable social environment for development.


深入贯彻落实科学发展观,要求我们继续深化改革开放。要把改革创新精神贯彻到治国理政各个环节,毫不动摇地坚持改革方向,提高改革决策的科学性,增强改革措施的协调性。要完善社会主义市场经济体制,推进各方面体制改革创新,加快重要领域和关键环节改革步伐,全面提高开放水平,着力构建充满活力、富有效率、更加开放、有利于科学发展的体制机制,为发展中国特色社会主义提供强大动力和体制保障。要坚持把改善人民生活作为正确处理改革发展稳定关系的结合点,使改革始终得到人民拥护和支持。


To thoroughly apply the Scientific Outlook on Development, we must continue to deepen reform and opening up. We need to incorporate the spirit of reform and innovation into all links of governance; unswervingly adhere to the orientation of reform, and have more scientific decision-making and better coordinated measures for reform. We will improve the socialist market economy, promote institutional reform and innovation in various sectors, accelerate reform in important fields and crucial links, improve opening up in all respects and make our systems and mechanisms full of vigor, highly efficient, more open and conducive to scientific development, so as to provide a powerful driving force and an institutional guarantee for developing socialism with Chinese characteristics. We will always take improving people's lives as a pivotal task in balancing reform, development and stability and ensure that our reform always has the endorsement and support of the people.


深入贯彻落实科学发展观,要求我们切实加强和改进党的建设。要站在完成党执政兴国使命的高度,把提高党的执政能力、保持和发展党的先进性,体现到领导科学发展、促进社会和谐上来,落实到引领中国发展进步、更好代表和实现最广大人民的根本利益上来,使党的工作和党的建设更加符合科学发展观的要求,为科学发展提供可靠的政治和组织保障。


To thoroughly apply the Scientific Outlook on Development, we must strengthen our efforts to build the Party in earnest. As is required by the Party's lofty mission of governing and rejuvenating the nation, our efforts to improve the Party's governance capability and maintain and develop its vanguard nature must serve our task of directing scientific development, promoting social harmony, guiding development and progress in China arid better representing and realizing the fundamental interests of the overwhelming majority of the people. In this way, the Party's work and our efforts to build the Party will better meet the requirement of the Scientific Outlook on Development and provide a reliable political and organizational guarantee for scientific development.


全党同志要全面把握科学发展观的科学内涵和精神实质,增强贯彻落实科学发展观的自觉性和坚定性,着力转变不适应不符合科学发展观的思想观念,着力解决影响和制约科学发展的突出问题,把全社会的发展积极性引导到科学发展上来,把科学发展观贯彻落实到经济社会发展各个方面。


All Party members must fully understand the content and grasp the essence of the Scientific Outlook on Development, be more conscious and determined in applying it, change notions that are not in line with it, work hard to solve major problems that affect or constrain scientific development, direct the whole society's enthusiasm for development to scientific development, and apply this outlook to every aspect of economic and social development.


四、实现全面建设小康社会奋斗目标的新要求


IV. New Requirements for Attaining the Goal of Building a Moderately Prosperous Society in All Respects


 我们已经朝着十六大确立的全面建设小康社会的目标迈出了坚实步伐,今后要继续努力奋斗,确保到二00年实现全面建成小康社会的奋斗目标。


We have made steady progress toward the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects set at the Sixteenth Congress, and we will continue to work hard to ensure its attainment by 2020.


我们必须适应国内外形势的新变化,顺应各族人民过上更好生活的新期待,把握经济社会发展趋势和规律,坚持中国特色社会主义经济建设、政治建设、文化建设、社会建设的基本目标和基本政策构成的基本纲领,在十六大确立的全面建设小康社会目标的基础上对我国发展提出新的更高要求。


In keeping with changes in domestic and international situations and in light of the expectations of the people of all ethnic groups for a better life, we must follow the trend and laws of economic and social development, uphold the basic program consisting of the basic objectives and policies For economic, political, cultural and social development under socialism with Chinese characteristics, and set new and higher requirements for China's development on the basis of the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects set at the Sixteenth Congress.


——增强发展协调性,努力实现经济又好又快发展。转变发展方式取得重大进展,在优化结构、提高效益、降低消耗、保护环境的基础上,实现人均国内生产总值到二00年比二000年翻两番。社会主义市场经济体制更加完善。自主创新能力显著提高,科技进步对经济增长的贡献率大幅上升,进入创新型国家行列。居民消费率稳步提高,形成消费、投资、出口协调拉动的增长格局。城乡、区域协调互动发展机制和主体功能区布局基本形成。社会主义新农村建设取得重大进展。城镇人口比重明显增加。


——Promote balanced development to ensure sound and rapid economic growth. The development pattern will be significantly transformed. We will quadruple the per capita GDP of the year 2000 by 2020 through optimizing the economic structure and improving economic returns while reducing consumption of resources and protecting the environment. The socialist market economy will be improved. We will greatly enhance our capacity for independent innovation, enabling scientific and technological advancement to contribute much more to economic growth and making China an innovative country. The ratio of consumption to GDP will increase steadily, and consumption, investment and export will be coordinated to boost economic growth. A mechanism for urban and rural areas and for different regions to have balanced and interactive development and a layout of development priority zones will be basically in place. Efforts to build a new socialist countryside will make significant headway. The proportion of urban residents will notably increase.


——扩大社会主义民主,更好保障人民权益和社会公平正义。公民政治参与有序扩大。依法治国基本方略深入落实,全社会法制观念进一步增强,法治政府建设取得新成效。基层民主制度更加完善。政府提供基本公共服务能力显著增强。


——Expand socialist democracy and better safeguard the people's rights and interests as well as social equity and justice. Citizens' participation in. political affairs will expand in an orderly way. The rule of law will be carried out more thoroughly as a fundamental principle, public awareness of law will be further enhanced, and fresh progress will be made in government administration based on the rule of law. Primary-level democracy will be improved. The government will markedly enhance its capability of providing basic public services.


——加强文化建设,明显提高全民族文明素质。社会主义核心价值体系深入人心,良好思想道德风尚进一步弘扬。覆盖全社会的公共文化服务体系基本建立,文化产业占国民经济比重明显提高、国际竞争力显著增强,适应人民需要的文化产品更加丰富。


——Promote cultural development and notably enhance the cultural and ethical quality of the whole nation. Socialist core &#118alues will prevail among the people, and fine ideological and ethical trends will be encouraged. A basic system of public cultural services will cover the whole society, the cultural industry will account for much more of the national economy and become more competitive internationally, and a more abundant supply of cultural products will be available to meet the people's needs.


——加快发展社会事业,全面改善人民生活。现代国民教育体系更加完善,终身教育体系基本形成,全民受教育程度和创新人才培养水平明显提高。社会就业更加充分。覆盖城乡居民的社会保障体系基本建立,人人享有基本生活保障。合理有序的收入分配格局基本形成,中等收入者占多数,绝对贫困现象基本消除。人人享有基本医疗卫生服务。社会管理体系更加健全。


——Accelerate the development of social programs and improve every aspect of the people's well-being. The modern system of national education will be further improved, a basic system for lifelong education will be in place, the educational attainment of the whole nation will rise to a much higher level, and the training of innovative personnel will be improved markedly. Employment will be further expanded. A basic system of social security will cover both urban and rural residents so that everyone is assured of basic living standards. A reasonable and orderly pattern of income distribution will be basically in place, with middle-income people making up the majority and absolute poverty basically eliminated. Everyone will have access to basic medical and health services. The system of social management will be further improved.


——建设生态文明,基本形成节约能源资源和保护生态环境的产业结构、增长方式、消费模式。循环经济形成较大规模,可再生能源比重显著上升。主要污染物排放得到有效控制,生态环境质量明显改善。生态文明观念在全社会牢固树立。


——Promote a conservation culture by basically forming an energy- and resource-efficient and environment-friendly structure of industries, pattern of growth and mode of consumption. We will have a large-scale circular economy and considerably increase the proportion of renewable energy sources in total energy consumption. The discharge of major pollutants will be brought under effective control and the ecological and environmental quality will improve notably. Awareness of conservation will be firmly established in the whole of society.


到二00年全面建设小康社会目标实现之时,我们这个历史悠久的文明古国和发展中社会主义大国,将成为工业化基本实现、综合国力显著增强、国内市场总体规模位居世界前列的国家,成为人民富裕程度普遍提高、生活质量明显改善、生态环境良好的国家,成为人民享有更加充分民主权利、具有更高文明素质和精神追求的国家,成为各方面制度更加完善、社会更加充满活力而又安定团结的国家,成为对外更加开放、更加具有亲和力、为人类文明作出更大贡献的国家。


When the goal of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects is attained by 2020, China, a large developing socialist country with an ancient civilization, will have basically accomplished industrialization, with its overall strength significantly increased and its domestic market ranking as one of the largest in the world. It will be a country whose people are better off and enjoy markedly improved quality of life and a good environment. Its citizens will have more extensive democratic rights, show higher ethical standards and look forward to greater cultural achievements. China will have better institutions in all areas and Chinese society will have greater vitality coupled with stability and unity. The country will be still more open and friendly to the outside world and make greater contributions to human civilization.


 今后五年是全面建设小康社会的关键时期。我们要坚定信心,埋头苦干,为全面建成惠及十几亿人口的更高水平的小康社会打下更加牢固的基础。


The following five years will be a crucial period for building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. We must enhance our confidence and work hard to lay a more solid foundation for success in building a moderately prosperous society of a higher level in all respects to the benefit of over one billion people.


五、促进国民经济又好又快发展


V. Promoting Sound and Rapid Development of the National Economy


实现未来经济发展目标,关键要在加快转变经济发展方式、完善社会主义市场经济体制方面取得重大进展。要大力推进经济结构战略性调整,更加注重提高自主创新能力、提高节能环保水平、提高经济整体素质和国际竞争力。要深化对社会主义市场经济规律的认识,从制度上更好发挥市场在资源配置中的基础性作用,形成有利于科学发展的宏观调控体系。


To attain the objectives for economic development, it is essential to significantly accelerate the transformation of the development pattern and improve the socialist market economy. We need to vigorously push forward strategic economic restructuring and make greater efforts to improve China's capacity for independent innovation as well as energy and environmental conservation, and to enhance the overall quality of the economy and its international competitiveness. We need to deepen our understanding of the laws governing the socialist market economy, introduce institutions to give better play to the basic role of market forces in allocating resources, and form a system of macroeconomic regulation conducive to scientific development.


(一)提高自主创新能力,建设创新型国家。这是国家发展战略的核心,是提高综合国力的关键。要坚持走中国特色自主创新道路,把增强自主创新能力贯彻到现代化建设各个方面。认真落实国家中长期科学和技术发展规划纲要,加大对自主创新投入,着力突破制约经济社会发展的关键技术。加快建设国家创新体系,支持基础研究、前沿技术研究、社会公益性技术研究。加快建立以企业为主体、市场为导向、产学研相结合的技术创新体系,引导和支持创新要素向企业集聚,促进科技成果向现实生产力转化。深化科技管理体制改革,优化科技资源配置,完善鼓励技术创新和科技成果产业化的法制保障、政策体系、激励机制、市场环境。实施知识产权战略。充分利用国际科技资源。进一步营造鼓励创新的环境,培养造就世界一流科学家和科技领军人才,使创新智慧竞相迸发、创新人才大量涌现。


1. Enhance China's capacity for independent innovation and make China an innovative country. This is the core of our national development strategy and a crucial link in enhancing the overall national strength. We need to keep to the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics and improve our capacity for independent innovation in all areas of modernization. We need to conscientiously implement the Outline of the National Program for Long- and Medium-Term Scientific and Technological Development (2006-20), increase spending on independent innovation, and make breakthroughs in key technologies vital to our economic and social development. We will speed up forming a national innovation system and support basic research, research in frontier technology and technological research for public welfare. We will step up our efforts to establish a market-oriented system for technological innovation, in which enterprises play the leading role and which combines the efforts of enterprises, universities and research institutes, and guide and support the concentration of factors of innovation in enterprises, thereby promoting the translation of scientific and technological advances into practical productive forces. We will deepen reform of the system for managing science and technology, optimize the allocation of relevant resources, and improve the legal guarantee, policy system incentive mechanism and market conditions to encourage technological innovation and the application of scientific and technological achievements in production. We will implement the strategy for intellectual property rights. We will make the best use of international resources of science and technology. We will continue to create conditions conducive to innovation, train world-class scientists and leaders in scientific and technological research, inspire creative wisdom and bring forth large numbers of innovative personnel.


二)加快转变经济发展方式,推动产业结构优化升级。这是关系国民经济全局紧迫而重大的战略任务。要坚持走中国特色新兴工业化道路,坚持扩大国内需求特别是消费需求的方针,促进经济增长由主要依靠投资、出口拉动向依靠消费、投资、出口协调拉动转变,由主要依靠第二产业带动向依靠第一、第二、第三产业协同带动转变,由主要依靠增加物质资源消耗向主要依靠科技进步、劳动者素质提高、管理创新转变。发展现代产业体系,大力推进信息化与工业化融合,促进工业由大变强,振兴装备制造业,淘汰落后生产能力;提升高新技术产业,发展信息、生物、新材料、航空航天、海洋等产业;发展现代服务业,提高服务业比重和水平;加强基础产业基础设施建设,加快发展现代能源产业和综合运输体系。确保产品质量和安全。鼓励发展具有国际竞争力的大企业集团。


2. Accelerate transformation of the mode of economic development and promote upgrading of the industrial structure. This is a pressing strategic task vital to the national economy as a whole. We must keep to the new path of industrialization with Chinese characteristics, pursue the policy of boosting domestic demand, particularly consumer demand, and propel three transitions in the mode of economic growth: the transition from relying mainly on investment and export to relying on a well coordinated combination of consumption, investment and export, the transition from secondary industry serving as the major driving farce to primary, secondary and tertiary industries jointly driving economic growth, and the transition from relying heavily on increased consumption of material resources to relying mainly on advances in science and technology, improvement in the quality of the workforce and innovation in management. We will develop a modern industrial system, integrate IT application with industrialization, push our large industries to grove stronger, invigorate the equipment manufacturing industry, and eliminate outdated production capacities. We will upgrade new- and high-technology industries and develop information, biotechnology, new materials, aerospace, marine and other industries. We will develop the modern service industry and raise the level of the service sector and its share in the economy. We will step up efforts to improve basic industries and infrastructure and accelerate development of a modern energy industry and a comprehensive transport system. We will ensure the quality and safety of products. We will encourage formation of internationally competitive conglomerates.


(三)统筹城乡发展,推进社会主义新农村建设。解决好农业、农村、农民问题,事关全面建设小康社会大局,必须始终作为全党工作的重中之重。要加强农业基础地位,走中国特色农业现代化道路,建立以工促农、以城带乡长效机制,形成城乡经济社会发展一体化新格局。坚持把发展现代农业、繁荣农村经济作为首要任务,加强农村基础设施建设,健全农村市场和农业服务体系。加大支农惠农政策力度,严格保护耕地,增加农业投入,促进农业科技进步,增强农业综合生产能力,确保国家粮食安全。加强动植物疫病防控,提高农产品质量安全水平。以促进农民增收为核心,发展乡镇企业,壮大县域经济,多渠道转移农民就业。提高扶贫开发水平。深化农村综合改革,推进农村金融体制改革和创新,改革集体林权制度。坚持农村基本经营制度,稳定和完善土地承包关系,按照依法自愿有偿原则,健全土地承包经营权流转市场,有条件的地方可以发展多种形式的适度规模经营。探索集体经济有效实现形式,发展农民专业合作组织,支持农业产业化经营和龙头企业发展。培育有文化、懂技术、会经营的新型农民,发挥亿万农民建设新农村的主体作用。


3. Balance urban and rural development and build a new socialist countryside. As resolution of issues concerning agriculture, rural areas and farmers has an overall impact on building a moderately prosperous society in all respects, we must always make it a top priority in the work of the whole Party. We will strengthen the position of agriculture as the foundation of the national economy, take a path of agricultural modernization with Chinese characteristics, set up a permanent mechanism of industry promoting agriculture and urban areas helping rural areas, and form a new pattern that integrates economic and social development in urban and rural areas. We will continue to take developing modern agriculture and invigorating the rural economy as a primary task, strengthen infrastructure in rural areas, and improve the system of rural markets and that of services for agriculture. We will increase policy measures to support and benefit agriculture, rural areas and farmers, strictly protect arable land, increase spending on agriculture, promote advances in agriculture-related science and technology, and improve overall agricultural production capacity to ensure food security for the nation. We will intensify efforts to prevent and control animal and plant epidemic diseases and improve the quality and safety of agricultural products. To increase farmers' income, we will develop rural enterprises, expand county economies, and transfer rural labor out of farming through various channels. We will enhance poverty reduction through development. We will deepen the comprehensive rural reform, promote reform and innovation in the rural banking system, and reform the system of collective forest rights. We will uphold the basic system for rural operations, stabilize and improve land contract relations, improve the market for transferring land contract and management rights in accordance with the law and on a voluntary and compensatory basis, and develop various forms of appropriate large-scale operations where conditions permit. We will explore effective forms of collective economic operations, develop specialized farmers' cooperatives, and support the industrialized operation of agriculture and the development of leading agribusinesses. We will train a new type of farmers who are educated and understand both agricultural techniques and business management, and encourage hundreds of millions of farmers to play the major role in building a new countryside.


(四)加强能源资源节约和生态环境保护,增强可持续发展能力。坚持节约资源和保护环境的基本国策,关系人民群众切身利益和中华民族生存发展。必须把建设资源节约型、环境友好型社会放在工业化、现代化发展战略的突出位置,落实到每个单位、每个家庭。要完善有利于节约能源资源和保护生态环境的法律和政策,加快形成可持续发展体制机制。落实节能减排工作责任制。开发和推广节约、替代、循环利用的先进适用技术,发展清洁能源和可再生能源,保护土地和水资源,建设科学合理的能源资源利用体系,提高能源资源利用效率。发展环保产业。加大节能环保投入,重点加强水、大气、土壤等污染防治,改善城乡人居环境。加强水利、林业、草原建设,促进生态修复。加强应对气候变化能力建设,为保护全球气候作出新贡献。


4. Improve energy, resources, ecological and environmental conservation and enhance China's capacity for sustainable development. Adhering to the basic state policy of conserving resources and the environment is vital to the immediate interests of the people and the survival and development of the Chinese nation. We must give prominence to building a resource-conserving, environment-friendly society in our strategy for industrialization and modernization and get every organization and family to act accordingly. We will improve laws and policies to promote energy, resources, ecological and environmental conservation, and speed up the formation of systems and mechanisms for sustainable development. We will implement the responsibility system for conserving energy and reducing emissions. We will develop and extend advanced and appropriate technologies for conserving, substituting and recycling energy and resources, develop clean and renewable energy sources, protect land and water resources and set up a scientific, rational system for using energy and resources more efficiently. We will develop environmental conservation industries. We will increase spending on energy and environmental conservation with the focus on intensifying prevention and control of water, air and soil pollution and improving the living environment for both urban and rural residents. We will improve water conservancy, forestry and grasslands and promote restoration of the ecosystems. We will enhance our capacity to respond to climate change and make new contributions to protecting the global climate.


(五)推动区域协调发展,优化国土开发格局。缩小区域发展差距,必须注重实现基本公共服务均等化,引导生产要素跨区域合理流动。要继续实施区域发展总体战略,深入推进西部大开发,全面振兴东北地区等老工业基地,大力促进中部地区崛起,积极支持东部地区率先发展。加强国土规划,按照形成主体功能区的要求,完善区域政策,调整经济布局。遵循市场经济规律,突破行政区划界限,形成若干带动力强、联系紧密的经济圈和经济带。重大项目布局要充分考虑支持中西部发展,鼓励东部地区带动和帮助中西部地区发展。加大对革命老区、民族地区、边疆地区、贫困地区发展扶持力度。帮助资源枯竭地区实现经济转型。更好发挥经济特区、上海浦东新区、天津滨海新区在改革开放和自主创新中的重要作用。走中国特色城镇化道路,按照统筹城乡、布局合理、节约土地、功能完善、以大带小的原则,促进大中小城市和小城镇协调发展。以增强综合承载能力为重点,以特大城市为依托,形成辐射作用大的城市群,培育新的经济增长极。


5. Promote balanced development among regions and improve the pattern of land development. To narrow the gap in development among regions, we must work to ensure their equal access to basic public services and guide a rational flow of factors of production between regions. Following the general strategy for regional development, we will continue to carry out large-scale development of the western region, rejuvenate northeast China and other old industrial bases in an all-round way, boost the development of the central region and support the eastern region in taking the lead in development. We will strengthen land planning, improve policies for regional development and adjust the geographical distribution of economic operations in accordance with the requirement to form development priority zones. In compliance with the laws governing the market economy, we will work beyond administrative divisions to form a number of close-knit economic rims and belts that will provide a strong impetus to the development of other areas. In locating major projects, we must give full consideration to supporting development of the central and western regions and encourage the eastern region to help them develop. We will give more support to the development of old revolutionary base areas, ethnic autonomous areas, border areas and poverty-stricken areas. We will help transform the economies of areas where natural resources are exhausted. We will have the special economic zones, the Pudong New Area in Shanghai and the Binhai New Area in Tianjin play a major role in reform, opening up and independent innovation. Taking a path of urbanization with Chinese characteristics, we will promote balanced development of large, medium-sized and small cities and towns on the principle of balancing urban and rural development, ensuring rational distribution, saving land, providing a full range of functions and getting larger cities to help smaller ones. Focusing on increasing the overall carrying capacity of cities, we will form city clusters with megacities as the core so that they can boost development in other areas and become new poles of economic growth.


 (六)完善基本经济制度,健全现代市场体系。坚持和完善公有制为主体、多种所有制经济共同发展的基本经济制度,毫不动摇地巩固和发展公有制经济,毫不动摇地鼓励、支持、引导非公有制经济发展,坚持平等保护物权,形成各种所有制经济平等竞争、相互促进新格局。深化国有企业公司制股份制改革,健全现代企业制度,优化国有经济布局和结构,增强国有经济活力、控制力、影响力。深化垄断行业改革,引入竞争机制,加强政府监管和社会监督。加强建设国有资本经营预算制度。完善各类国有资产管理体制和制度。推进集体企业改革,发展多种形式的集体经济、合作经济。推进公平准入,改善融资条件,破除体制障碍,促进个体、私营经济和中小企业发展。以现代产权制度为基础,发展混合所有制经济。加快形成统一开放竞争有序的现代市场体系,发展各类生产要素市场,完善反映市场供求关系、资源稀缺程度、环境损害成本的生产要素和资源价格形成机制,规范发展行业协会和市场中介组织,健全社会信用体系。


6. Improve the basic economic system and the modern market system. We need to uphold and improve the basic economic system in which public ownership is dominant and different economic sectors develop side by side, unwaveringly consolidate and develop the public sector of the economy, unswervingly encourage, support and guide the development of the non-public sector, ensure equal protection of property rights, and create a new situation in which all economic sectors compete on an equal footing and reinforce each other. We will deepen the reform to introduce the corporate and shareholding systems in state-owned enterprises, improve the modern corporate structure and optimize the distribution and structure of the state sector of the economy to enhance its dynamism, dominance and influence. We will deepen the reform of industries by introducing competition, and strengthen government regulation and public oversight of them. We will accelerate development of a budget system for managing state capital and improve systems and regulations for managing all types of state assets. We will press ahead with the reform of collective-owned enterprises and develop various forms of collective and cooperative economic operations. We will promote equitable market access, improve the development of individually-owned businesses and private companies as well as small and medium-sized enterprises. We will develop the economic sector of mixed ownership based on the modern system of property rights. We will accelerate the formation of a modern market system that is unified and open and that allows orderly competition, develop markets for factors of production, improve the pricing mechanism for factors of production and resources to reflect changes in market supply and demand, resource scarcities and environmental costs, regulate and develop industry associations and market-based intermediaries, and improve the social credibility system.


(七)深化财税、金融等体制改革,完善宏观调控体系。围绕推进基本公共服务均等化和主体功能区建设,完善公共财政体系。深化预算制度改革,强化预算管理,健全中央和地方财力与事权相匹配的体制,加快形成统一规范透明的财政转移支付制度,提高一般性转移支付规模和比例,加大公共服务领域投入。完善省以下财政体制,增强基层政府提供公共服务能力。实行有利于科学发展的财税制度,建立健全资源有偿使用制度和生态环境补偿机制。推进金融体制改革,发展各类金融市场,形成多种所有制和多种经营形式、结构合理、功能完善、高效安全的现代金融体系。提高银行业、政权业、保险业竞争力。优化资本市场结构,多渠道提高直接融资比重。加强和改进金融监管,防范和化解金融风险。完善人民币汇率形成机制,逐步实现资本项目可兑换。深化投资体制改革,健全和严格市场准入制度。完善国家规划体系。发挥国家发展规划、计划、产业政策在宏观调控中的导向作用,综合运用财政、货币政策,提高宏观调控水平。


7. Deepen fiscal, taxation and financial restructuring and improve macroeconomic regulation. We will improve the public finance system as we work to ensure equal access to basic public services and establish development priority zones. We need to deepen reform of the budget system, tighten budgetary management, improve the system whereby both the central and local governments have financial resources proportionate to their duties and responsibilities, accelerate the establishment of a unified, standardized and transparent system for transfer payments, enlarge the size and proportion of general transfer payments, and increase input in public services. We will improve fiscal systems at and below the provincial level to enhance the capacity of county and township governments to provide public services. We will adopt fiscal and taxation systems conducive to scientific development and set up sound compensation systems for use of resources and for damage to the ecological environment. We will proceed with financial reforms to develop various types of financial markets and build a modern financial System that is inclusive of different forms of ownership and different ways of operation and that features a reasonable structure, complete functions, efficiency and security. We will make our banking, securities and insurance industries more competitive. We will improve the structure of the capital market and raise the proportion of direct financing through multiple channels. We will strengthen financial supervision and control, and forestall and defuse financial risks. We will improve the RMB exchange rate regime and gradually make the RMB convertible under capital accounts. We will deepen reform of the investment system and improve and strictly enforce market access rules. We will improve the state planning system. We will give play to the guiding role of national development plans, programs and industrial policies in macroeconomic regulation and combine the use of fiscal and monetary policies to improve macroeconomic regulation.


(八)拓展对外开放广度和深度,提高开放型经济水平。坚持对外开放的基本国策,把“引进来”和“走出去”更好结合起来,扩大开放领域,优化开放结构,提高开放质量,完善内外联动、互利共赢、安全高效的开放型经济体系,形成经济全球化条件下参与国际经济合作和竞争新优势。深化沿海开放,加快内地开放,提升沿边开放,实现对内对外开放相互促进。加快转变外贸增长方式,立足以质取胜,调整进出口结构,促进加工贸易转型升级,大力发展服务贸易。创新利用外资方式,优化利用外资结构,发挥利用外资在推动自主创新、产业升级、区域协调发展等方面的积极作用。创新对外投资和合作方式,支持企业在研发、生产、销售等方面开展国际化经营,加快培育我国的跨国公司和国际知名品牌。积极开展国际能源资源互利合作。实施自由贸易区战略,加强双边多边经贸合作。采取综合措施促进国际收支基本平衡。注重防范国际经济风险。


8. Expand opening up in scope and depth and improve our open economy. Adhering to the basic state policy of opening up, we will better integrate our "bring in" and "go global" strategies, expand the areas of opening up, optimize its structure, raise its quality, and turn our open economy into one in which domestic development and opening to the outside world interact and Chinese businesses and their foreign counterparts engage in win-win cooperation, and one that features security and efficiency, in order to gain new advantages for China in international economic cooperation and competition amid economic globalization. We will deepen the opening up of coastal areas, accelerate that of inland areas 'and upgrade that of border areas, so that opening up at home and opening to the outside world will promote each other. We will expedite transformation of the growth mode of foreign trade, stress quality, adjust the mix of imports and exports, promote transformation -and upgrading of processing trade, and energetically develop service trade. We will make innovations in the way of using foreign capital, improve the structure of foreign investment utilized, and let the use of foreign capital play a positive role in facilitating independent innovation, industrial upgrading and balanced development among regions. We will make innovations in our way of overseas investment and cooperation, support domestic enterprises in carrying out international operations of R&D, production and marketing, and accelerate the growth of Chinese multinational corporations and Chinese brand names in the world market. We will vigorously carry out mutually beneficial international cooperation in energy and resources. We will implement a strategy of free trade zones and expand bilateral and multilateral trade and economic cooperation. We will adopt comprehensive measures to maintain a basic equilibrium in the balance of payments. We must guard against international economic risks.


实现国民经济又好又快发展,必将进一步增强我国经济实力,彰显社会主义市场经济的强大生机活力。


By ensuring sound and rapid growth of the economy, we will further enhance China's economic strength, and enable our socialist market economy to exhibit its great vitality.


六、坚定不移发展社会主义民主政治


VI. Unswervingly Developing Socialist Democracy


 人民民主是社会主义的生命。发展社会主义民主政治是我们党始终不渝的奋斗目标。改革开放以来,我们积极稳妥推进政治体制改革,我国社会主义民主政治展现出更加旺盛的生命力。政治体制改革作为我国全面改革的重要组成部分,必须随着经济社会发展而不断深化,与人民政治参与积极性不断提高相适应。要坚持中国特色社会主义政治发展道路,坚持党的领导、人民当家作主、依法治国有机统一,坚持和完善人民代表大会制度、中国共产党领导的多党合作和政治协商制度、民族区域自治制度以及基层群众自治制度,不断推进社会主义政治制度自我完善和发展。


Peoples democracy is the lifeblood of socialism. The Party has been consistently pursuing the goal of developing socialist democracy. Since China began its reform and opening up, we have made vigorous yet steady efforts to promote political restructuring, and socialist democracy has demonstrated greater vitality in the country. As an important part of the overall reform, political restructuring must be constantly deepened along with economic and social development to adapt to the growing enthusiasm of the people for participation in political affairs. We must keep to the path of political development under socialism with Chinese characteristics, and integrate the leadership of the Party, the position of the people as masters of the country, and the rule of law. We must uphold and improve the system of people's congresses, the system of multiparty cooperation and political consultation under the leadership of the CPC, the system of regional ethnic autonomy, and the system of self-governance at the primary level of society. All this will promote continuous self-improvement and development of the socialist political system.


 

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