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教育文化词汇(1)

    来源:翻译界  浏览次数:3922  添加时间:2008/4/20
(大学)代理校长 Acting President

(大学)副校长 Vice President

(大学)校长 President/Chancellor

(大学)专科 Major Types of Education in China short 2- to 3- year higher education programs

(大学的)研究小组;讨论会 seminar

(国家)助学金 (state)stipend/subsidy

(戏剧学院)表演系Acting Department

(系)主任 chairman; chairperson

(小学)校长 Head /Master

(职工)子弟学校 school for children of workers & staff members

(中学)校长 Principal

爱国人士 patriotic personage

爱国主义教育 education in patriotism

百分制 100-mark system

班主任Class Discipline Adviser/Head Teacher

办学效益 efficiency in school management

半工半读学校 part-work and part-study school

半文盲 semiliterate; functional illiterate

包分配 guarantee job assignments

被授权 be authorized to do

必修课 required/compulsory course

毕业典礼 graduation ceremony; commencement

毕业鉴定 graduation appraisal

毕业论文 thesis; dissertation

毕业设计 graduation ceremony

毕业生graduate

毕业实习 graduation field work

毕业证书 diploma; graduation certificate

博士 doctor (Ph.D)

博士后 post doctorate

博士后科研流动站 center for post-doctoral studies

补考 make-up examination

补习学校 continuation school

不及格fail

材料工程系 Department of Materials Engineering

材料科学系 Department of Materials Science

财贸学校 finance and trade school

财政拨款 financial allocation

测量系 Department of Survey

成绩单 school report; report card; transcript

成人教育 adult education

成人学校 adult school

成人夜校 night school for adults

成为有理想,有道德,有文化,守纪律的劳动者 to become working people with lofty ideals, moral integrity, education and a sense of discipline

初等教育 elementary education

初中 junior middle school

辍/失学青少年 school dropout/leaver

大学肆业生 undergraduate

德才兼备 to combine ability with character; equal stress on integrity and ability

低年级学生 lower grade pupil/student; pupil/student in junior grades

地理系 Department of Geography

地球物理系 Department of Geophysics

地质系 Department of Geology

电机工程系 Department of Electrical Engineering

电机制造学校 electrical machinery school

电力学校 electric power school

电视大学 T.V. university

电子系 Department of Electronics

雕塑系 Department of Sculpture

定向招生 students are admitted to be trained for pre-determined employers

东方语言学系 Department of Oriental Languages & Literature

动物学系 Department of Zoology

动员 mobilize

短训班 short-term training course

多学科的 multi-disciplinary

俄语系 Department of Russian

发挥学生主动性、创造性 to give scope to the students' initiative and creativeness

法律系 Department of Law

法语系 French Language Department

反复灌输 inculcate

纺织工程系 Department of Textile Engineering

纺织航海学校 textile machinery school

分数 mark; grade

分校 branch school

服务性行业 service trade

辅导员 assistant for political and ideological work

附中 attached middle school

附属中学 attached middle school

副教授 associate professor

副修minor

副主任 vice-chairman

岗位培训 undergo job-specific training

高等教育 higher/tertiary education

高等学校 institution of higher education

高年级学生 upper/higher grade pupil/student; pupil/student in senior grades

高中 senior middle school

工程物理系 Department of Engineering Physics

工业大学 polytechnic university

工业工程系 Department of Industrial Engineering

工业管理系 Department of Industrial Management

工业设计系 Department of Industrial Design

工业学院 engineering institute

公费生 government-supported student

公开课 open class

共产主义道德品质 communist ethics

共产主义教育 education in communism

管理科学系 Department of Management Science

广播电视大学 television and radio broadcasting university

国画系 Department of Tradition Chinese Painting

国际关系系 Department of International Relations

国际经济系 Department of International Economics

国际劳工组织 International Labor Organization

国际贸易系 Department of International Trade

国际文化交流 intercultural communication

国际政治系 Department of International Politics

国际主义教育 education in internationalism

国家发明奖 National Invention Prize

国家教育经费 national expenditure on education

国家科技进步奖 National Prize for Progress in Science and Technology

国家统计局 the State Statistical Bureau

国家自然科学奖 National Prize for Natural Sciences

海洋学系 Department of Oceanography

函授大学 correspondence college

航海系 Department of Navigation

河流港湾工程系 Department of River & Harbor Engineering

护理系 Department of Nursing

护士学校 nurses' school

化工学校 chemical engineering school

化学系 Department of Chemistry

环境工程学系 Department of Environmental Engineering

会计系 Department of Accounting

会计学校 accountant school

伙食补助 food allowance

伙食费 board expenses

机械工程系 Department of Mechanical Engineering

基本框架 basic framework

基础科学 the fundamentals

基础课 basic course

基金会 foundation

及格pass

集体主义教育 education in collectivism

计算机学系 Department of Computer Science

记者招待会 press conference

技工学校 school of technology

寄宿生boarder

家业经济系 Department of Agricultural Economics

假期工作vacation jobs

坚持社会主义方向 to keep to the socialist orientation

兼职教授 Part-time Professor

建筑工程系 Department of Architectural Engineering

建筑工程学校 building engineering school

建筑学 Department of Architecture

讲师 Lecturer/Instructor

奖励 rewards

奖学金scholarship

奖学金生 prize fellow

教材编写组 Teaching Materials Writing Group

教导主任 Director of Teaching and

教师进修学校 teachers' college for vocational studies

教授 professor

教书育人 to educate the person as well as impart book knowledge

教务长 Dean/Director of Teaching Affairs, dean of studies

教学、科研、生产的"三结合" "3-in-1 combination" involving teaching, research, and production

教学大纲 teaching program; syllabus

教学内容 content of courses

教学人员 the faculty; teaching staff

教学组 teaching group

教研室/组 teaching and research section/group

教研室主任 Head of the Teaching and Research Section

教育必须为社会主义现代化服务,必须同生产劳动相结合,培养德智体全面发展的建设者和接班人。 Education must serve the needs of socialist modernization, be integrated with productive labor, and train builders and successors who are well developed morally, intellectually and physically.

教育部 Ministry of Education

教育程度educational background

教育方针 guideline(s)/guiding principle(s) for education

教育投入 input in education

教育系 Department of Education

教育要面向现代化,面向世界,面向未来 Gear education to the needs of modernization, the world and the future

教员休息室 staff room; common room

教职员 teaching and administrative staff

结合、使加入 incorporate

解剖学 Department of Anatomy

进修班 class for advanced studies

进修课程refresher course

经济(学)系 Department of Economics

经济管理系 Department of Economic Management

考古学系 Department of Archaeology

考试examination

客座教授 visiting professor; guest professor

课程 course; curriculum

课程包括curriculum included

课程表 school timetable

课程重点部分educational highlights

课堂讨论 class discussion

课外辅导 instruction after class

课外活动extracurricular activities

课外阅读 outside reading

矿冶系 Department of Mining and Metallurgy

昆虫学系 Department of Entomology

理工科大学 college/university of science and engineering

理科大学 university of science

历史系 Department of History

燎原计划 the Prairie Fire Program

林学系 Department of Forestry

领取助学金的学生 a grant-aided student

留级 to repeat the year's work; to stay down

留学生 international student

聋哑学校 school of deaf-mutes

旅游管理系 Department of Tourist Management

论文导师 supervisor

盲人学校 school for the blind/ blind men’s school

美术学院 academy of fine arts

民办学校 private school

名誉教授 Honorary Professor

母校 Alma Mater

年龄段(层)age bracket

农学系 Department of Agriculture

农学院 agricultural college

农业大学 agricultural university

农业中学 agricultural middle school

旁听生(美)auditor

旁听生(英)guest student

培养独立分析问题和解决问题的能力 to cultivate the ability to analyze and solve concrete problems independently

培养学生自学能力 to foster the students' ability to study on their own

普遍教育 general education

普及教育 universal education

企业管理系 Department of Business Administration

启发式 elicitation method (of teaching); heuristic method

启发学生独立思考的能力 to help develop the ability of the students to think things out for themselves

气象学系 Department of Meteorology

汽车工程系 Department of Automobile Engineering

人才枯竭 exhaustion of human resources

三结合联合体 tripartite complex

三学期制 the trimester system

扫盲班 literacy class

商业学校 commercial school

社会参与 communal participation

社会活动social activities

社会实践social practice

社会学系 Department of Sociology

身体好,学习好,工作好。Keep fit, study hard and work well.

升级 to be promoted to a higher grade

升学t o go to a school of a higher grade; to enter a higher school

升学率 proportion of students entering schools of a higher grade

生理学系 Department of Physiology

生物(学)系 Department of Biology

师范大学 normal university; teachers' university

师范学校 school for kindergarten teachers

师范学院 teachers' college

石油地质学校 petroleum geological school

石油学系 Department of Petroleum

实习生intern

实行分区规划 practice regional planning

实验室主任 Laboratory Chief

实验员 Laboratory Technician

实验中学 experimental middle school

食品工程系 Department of Food Engineering

示范试点 demonstration pilot project

适应社会主义现代化建设需要,面向二十一世纪,具有中国特色的社会主义教育体系。 a socialist education system with distinct Chinese characteristics that meets the needs of socialist modernization and is oriented to the 21st century

授予(学士)confer

授予某人学位 to confer a degree on sb.

暑期工作summer jobs

数学系 Department of Mathematics

双学士制 a double BA degree system

水产技术学校 marine products technical school

水利系 Department of Water Conservancy

水利学校 water conservancy school

税收 tax revenue

硕士 master

所学课程 courses taken

特别训练special training

提高......的思想品德 enhance the moral awareness of ...

体育活动 physical activities

体育系 Department of Physical Education

体育学院 physical culture institute

天文学 Department of Astronomy

填鸭式教学法 cramming/forced-feeding method of teaching

铁路机械学校 railway machinery school

铁路技术学校 railway engineering school

听课 to visit a class; to sit in on a class; to attend a lecture

通讯工程系 Department of Communication Engineering

图书馆学系 Department of Library Science

图书馆员 Librarian

土木工程系 Department of Civil Engineering

土壤系 Department of Soil

托儿所 nursery/ creche

脱产培训 off-job training

外籍教授 Foreign Professor

外交系 Department of Diplomacy

外语系 Foreign Languages Department

外语学校 foreign languages school

卫生学校 health school

文科大学 university of liberal arts

文学系 Department of Literature

无线电工程系 Department of Radio Engineering

五爱(爱祖国、爱人民、爱劳动、爱科学、爱护公物) "Five Love": love the motherland, the people, labor, and science and take good care of public property.

五分制 the 5-grade marking system

舞蹈系 Department of Dance

舞蹈学校 dancing school

物理系 Department of Physics

西班牙语系 Department of Spanish

西方语言系 Department of Western Languages

希望工程 Project Hope

戏剧系 Department of Theatricals

系主任 Department Chairman /Department Head

系主任办公室 Office of the Department Head

小学 primary(elementary)school

校友 alumnus; alumna

协调发展 coordinated and balanced program of development

心理学系 Department of Psychology

新闻系 Department of Journalism

新增劳动力 incoming labor force

畜牧系 Department of Animal Husbandry

选修课 elective/optional course

学费 tuition (fee)

学分 credit

学分制 the credit system

学力educational level

学历education, educational history, record of formal schooling

学龄儿童 school-ager

学年 school/academic year

学期 (school)term; semester

学前教育 preschool education

学生会 students' union/association

学士bachelor

学术报告会,专题讨论会 symposium

学术活动academic activities

学位 degree

学习成绩 academic record; school record

学习年限 period of schooling

学院院长 Dean of College/Head of College

学制educational system

研究生 graduate student; post-graduate (student)

研究生指导教师 Graduate Teacher/Research Supervisor; faculty adviser

药学系 Department of Pharmacy

药科大学pharmaceutical university

冶金机械学校 metallurgical machinery school

冶金系 Department of Metallurgy

业余工作part-time jobs

业余学校 spare-time school

业余艺术/体育学校 amateur arts/athletic school

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