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古诗(唐诗)三百首翻译中英对照(2)

    来源:转载  浏览次数:3693  添加时间:2008/4/21
018
五言古诗
孟浩然
秋登兰山寄张五

北山白云里, 隐者自怡悦;
相望始登高, 心随雁飞灭。
愁因薄暮起, 兴是清秋发。
时见归村人, 沙行渡头歇。
天边树若荠, 江畔洲如月。
何当载酒来, 共醉重阳节。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Meng Haoran
ON CLIMBING ORCHID MOUNTAIN
IN THE AUTUMN TO ZHANG

On a northern peak among white clouds
You have found your hermitage of peace;
And now, as I climb this mountain to see you,
High with the wildgeese flies my heart.
The quiet dusk might seem a little sad
If this autumn weather were not so brisk and clear;
I look down at the river bank, with homeward-bound villagers
Resting on the sand till the ferry returns;
There are trees at the horizon like a row of grasses
And against the river's rim an island like the moon
I hope that you will come and meet me, bringing a basket of wine --
And we'll celebrate together the Mountain Holiday.


019
五言古诗
孟浩然
夏日南亭怀辛大

山光忽西落, 池月渐东上。
散发乘夜凉, 开轩卧闲敞。
荷风送香气, 竹露滴清响。
欲取鸣琴弹, 恨无知音赏。
感此怀故人, 中宵劳梦想。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Meng Haoran
IN SUMMER AT THE SOUTH PAVILION
THINKING OF XING

The mountain-light suddenly fails in the west,
In the east from the lake the slow moon rises.
I loosen my hair to enjoy the evening coolness
And open my window and lie down in peace.
The wind brings me odours of lotuses,
And bamboo-leaves drip with a music of dew....
I would take up my lute and I would play,
But, alas, who here would understand?
And so I think of you, old friend,
O troubler of my midnight dreams !


020
五言古诗
孟浩然
宿业师山房待丁大不至

夕阳度西岭, 群壑倏已暝;
松月生夜凉, 风泉满清听。
樵人归欲尽, 烟鸟栖初定。
之子期宿来, 孤琴候萝径。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Meng Haoran
AT THE MOUNTAIN-LODGE OF THE BUDDHIST PRIEST YE
WAITING IN VAIN FOR MY FRIEND DING

Now that the sun has set beyond the western range,
Valley after valley is shadowy and dim....
And now through pine-trees come the moon and the chill of evening,
And my ears feel pure with the sound of wind and water
Nearly all the woodsmen have reached home,
Birds have settled on their perches in the quiet mist....
And still -- because you promised -- I am waiting for you, waiting,
Playing lute under a wayside vine.


021
五言古诗
王昌龄
同从弟南斋玩月忆山阴崔少府

高卧南斋时, 开帷月初吐;
清辉淡水木, 演漾在窗户。
苒苒几盈虚? 澄澄变今古。
美人清江畔, 是夜越吟苦。
千里其如何? 微风吹兰杜。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Wang Changling
WITH MY BROTHER AT THE SOUTH STUDY
THINKING IN THE MOONLIGHT OF VICE-PREFECT
CUI IN SHANYIN

Lying on a high seat in the south study,
We have lifted the curtain-and we see the rising moon
Brighten with pure light the water and the grove
And flow like a wave on our window and our door.
It will move through the cycle, full moon and then crescent again,
Calmly, beyond our wisdom, altering new to old.
...Our chosen one, our friend, is now by a limpid river --
Singing, perhaps, a plaintive eastern song.
He is far, far away from us, three hundred miles away.
And yet a breath of orchids comes along the wind.


022
五言古诗
邱为
寻西山隐者不遇

绝顶一茅茨, 直上三十里;
扣关无僮仆, 窥室惟案几。
若非巾柴车? 应是钓秋水。
差池不相见, 黾勉空仰止。
草色新雨中, 松声晚窗里;
及兹契幽绝, 自足荡心耳。
虽无宾主意, 颇得清净理。
兴尽方下山, 何必待之子。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Qiu Wei
AFTER MISSING THE RECLUSE
ON THE WESTERN MOUNTAIN

To your hermitage here on the top of the mountain
I have climbed, without stopping, these ten miles.
I have knocked at your door, and no one answered;
I have peeped into your room, at your seat beside the table.
Perhaps you are out riding in your canopied chair,
Or fishing, more likely, in some autumn pool.
Sorry though I am to be missing you,
You have become my meditation --
The beauty of your grasses, fresh with rain,
And close beside your window the music of your pines.
I take into my being all that I see and hear,
Soothing my senses, quieting my heart;
And though there be neither host nor guest,
Have I not reasoned a visit complete?
...After enough, I have gone down the mountain.
Why should I wait for you any longer?


023
五言古诗
綦毋潜
春泛若耶溪

幽意无断绝, 此去随所偶;
晚风吹行舟, 花路入溪口。
际夜转西壑, 隔山望南斗。
潭烟飞溶溶, 林月低向后。
生事且弥漫, 愿为持竿叟。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Qiwu Qian
A BOAT IN SPRING ON RUOYA LAKE

Thoughtful elation has no end:
Onward I bear it to whatever come.
And my boat and I, before the evening breeze
Passing flowers, entering the lake,
Turn at nightfall toward the western valley,
Where I watch the south star over the mountain
And a mist that rises, hovering soft,
And the low moon slanting through the trees;
And I choose to put away from me every worldly matter
And only to be an old man with a fishing-pole.


024
五言古诗
常建
宿王昌龄隐居

清溪深不测, 隐处唯孤云;
松际露微月, 清光犹为君。
茅亭宿花影, 药院滋苔纹。
余亦谢时去, 西山鸾鹤群。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Chang Jian
AT WANG CHANGLIN' S RETREAT

Here, beside a clear deep lake,
You live accompanied by clouds;
Or soft through the pine the moon arrives
To be your own pure-hearted friend.
You rest under thatch in the shadow of your flowers,
Your dewy herbs flourish in their bed of moss.
Let me leave the world. Let me alight, like you,
On your western mountain with phoenixes and cranes.


025
五言古诗
岑参
与高适薛据登慈恩寺浮图

塔势如涌出, 孤高耸天宫;
登临出世界, 磴道盘虚空。
突兀压神州, 峥嵘如鬼工;
四角碍白日, 七层摩苍穹。
下窥指高鸟, 俯听闻惊风。
连山若波涛, 奔凑如朝东。
青槐夹驰道, 宫馆何玲珑?
秋色从西来, 苍然满关中。
五陵北原上, 万古青蒙蒙。
净理了可悟, 胜因夙所宗。
誓将挂冠去, 觉道资无穷。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Cen Can
ASCENDING THE PAGODA AT THE TEMPLE OF KIND
FAVOUR WITH GAO SHI AND XUE JU

The pagoda, rising abruptly from earth,
Reaches to the very Palace of Heaven....
Climbing, we seem to have left the world behind us,
With the steps we look down on hung from space.
It overtops a holy land
And can only have been built by toil of the spirit.
Its four sides darken the bright sun,
Its seven stories cut the grey clouds;
Birds fly down beyond our sight,
And the rapid wind below our hearing;
Mountain-ranges, toward the east,
Appear to be curving and flowing like rivers;
Far green locust-trees line broad roads
Toward clustered palaces and mansions;
Colours of autumn, out of the west,
Enter advancing through the city;
And northward there lie, in five graveyards,
Calm forever under dewy green grass,
Those who know life's final meaning
Which all humankind must learn.
...Henceforth I put my official hat aside.
To find the Eternal Way is the only happiness.


026
五言古诗
元结
贼退示官吏并序

癸卯岁,西原贼入道州,焚烧杀掠,几尽而 去。明年,贼又攻永州,破邵,不犯此州边 鄙而退,岂力能制敌欤?盖蒙其伤怜而已! 诸史何为忍苦徵敛!故作诗一篇以示官吏。

昔岁逢太平, 山林二十年。
泉源在庭户, 洞壑当门前。
井税有常期, 日晏犹得眠。
忽然遭时变, 数岁亲戎旃。
今来典斯郡, 山夷又纷然。
城小贼不屠, 人贫伤可怜。
是以陷邻境, 此州独见全。
使臣将王命, 岂不如贼焉?
令彼徵敛者, 迫之如火煎。
谁能绝人命? 以作时世贤。
思欲委符节, 引竿自刺船,
将家就鱼麦, 归老江湖边。
又作宴
又作世

Five-character-ancient-verse
Yuan Jie
TO THE TAX-COLLECTORS
AFTER THE BANDITS RETREAT

In the year Kuimao the bandits from Xiyuan entered Daozhou, set fire, raided, killed, and looted. The whole district was almost ruined. The next year the bandits came again and, attacking the neighbouring prefecture, Yong, passed this one by. It was not because we were strong enough to defend ourselves, but, probably, because they pitied us. And how now can these commissioners bear to impose extra taxes? I have written this poem for the collectors' information.

I still remember those days of peace --
Twenty years among mountains and forests,
The pure stream running past my yard,
The caves and valleys at my door.
Taxes were light and regular then,
And I could sleep soundly and late in the morning-
Till suddenly came a sorry change.
...For years now I have been serving in the army.
When I began here as an official,
The mountain bandits were rising again;
But the town was so small it was spared by the thieves,
And the people so poor and so pitiable
That all other districts were looted
And this one this time let alone.
...Do you imperial commissioners
Mean to be less kind than bandits?
The people you force to pay the poll
Are like creatures frying over a fire.
And how can you sacrifice human lives,
Just to be known as able collectors? --
...Oh, let me fling down my official seal,
Let me be a lone fisherman in a small boat
And support my family on fish and wheat
And content my old age with rivers and lakes!


027
五言古诗
韦应物
郡斋雨中与诸文士燕集

兵卫森画戟, 宴寝凝清香。
海上风雨至, 逍遥池阁凉。
烦痾近消散, 嘉宾复满堂。
自惭居处崇, 未睹斯民康。
理会是非遣, 性达形迹忘。
鲜肥属时禁, 蔬果幸见尝。
俯饮一杯酒, 仰聆金玉章。
神欢体自轻, 意欲淩风翔。
吴中盛文史, 群彦今汪洋。
方知大蕃地, 岂曰财赋强?

Five-character-ancient-verse
Wei Yingwu
ENTERTAINING LITERARY MEN IN MY
OFFICIAL RESIDENCE ON A RAINY DAY

Outside are insignia, shown in state;
But here are sweet incense-clouds, quietly ours.
Wind and rain, coming in from sea,
Have cooled this pavilion above the lake
And driven the feverish heat away
From where my eminent guests are gathered.
...Ashamed though I am of my high position
While people lead unhappy lives,
Let us reasonably banish care
And just be friends, enjoying nature.
Though we have to go without fish and meat,
There are fruits and vegetables aplenty.
...We bow, we take our cups of wine,
We give our attention to beautiful poems.
When the mind is exalted, the body is lightened
And feels as if it could float in the wind.
...Suzhou is famed as a centre of letters;
And all you writers, coming here,
Prove that the name of a great land
Is made by better things than wealth.


028
五言古诗
韦应物
初发扬子寄元大校书

凄凄去亲爱, 泛泛入烟雾;
归棹洛阳人, 残钟广陵树。
今朝为此别, 何处还相遇?
世事波上舟, 沿洄安得住。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Wei Yingwu
SETTING SAIL ON THE YANGZI
TO SECRETARY YUAN

Wistful, away from my friends and kin,
Through mist and fog I float and float
With the sail that bears me toward Loyang.
In Yangzhou trees linger bell-notes of evening,
Marking the day and the place of our parting....
When shall we meet again and where?
...Destiny is a boat on the waves,
Borne to and fro, beyond our will.


029
五言古诗
韦应物
寄全椒山中道士

今朝郡斋冷, 忽念山中客;
涧底束荆薪, 归来煮白石。
欲持一瓢酒, 远慰风雨夕;
落叶满空山, 何处寻行迹。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Wei Yingwu
A POEM TO A TAOIST HERMIT
CHUANJIAO MOUNTAIN

My office has grown cold today;
And I suddenly think of my mountain friend
Gathering firewood down in the valley
Or boiling white stones for potatoes in his hut....
I wish I might take him a cup of wine
To cheer him through the evening storm;
But in fallen leaves that have heaped the bare slopes,
How should I ever find his footprints!


030
五言古诗
韦应物
长安遇冯著

客从东方来, 衣上灞陵雨。
问客何为来? 采山因买斧。
冥冥花正开, 扬扬燕新乳。
昨别今已春, 鬓丝生几缕。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Wei Yingwu
ON MEETING MY FRIEND FENG ZHU
IN THE CAPITAL

Out of the east you visit me,
With the rain of Baling still on your clothes,
I ask you what you have come here for;
You say: "To buy an ax for cutting wood in the mountains"
...Hidden deep in a haze of blossom,
Swallow fledglings chirp at ease
As they did when we parted, a year ago....
How grey our temples have grown since them!


031
五言古诗
韦应物
夕次盱眙县

落帆逗淮镇, 停舫临孤驿。
浩浩风起波, 冥冥日沈夕。
人归山郭暗, 雁下芦洲白。
独夜忆秦关, 听钟未眠客。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Wei Yingwu
MOORING AT TWILIGHT IN YUYI DISTRICT

Furling my sail near the town of Huai,
I find for harbour a little cove
Where a sudden breeze whips up the waves.
The sun is growing dim now and sinks in the dusk.
People are coming home. The bright mountain-peak darkens.
Wildgeese fly down to an island of white weeds.
...At midnight I think of a northern city-gate,
And I hear a bell tolling between me and sleep.


032
五言古诗
韦应物
东郊

吏舍跼终年, 出郊旷清曙。
杨柳散和风, 青山澹吾虑。
依丛适自憩, 缘涧还复去。
微雨霭芳原, 春鸠鸣何处?
乐幽心屡止, 遵事迹犹遽;
终罢斯结庐, 慕陶真可庶。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Wei Yingwu
EAST OF THE TOWN

From office confinement all year long,
I have come out of town to be free this morning
Where willows harmonize the wind
And green hills lighten the cares of the world.
I lean by a tree and rest myself
Or wander up and down a stream.
...Mists have wet the fragrant meadows;
A spring dove calls from some hidden place.
...With quiet surroundings, the mind is at peace,
But beset with affairs, it grows restless again....
Here I shall finally build me a cabin,
As Tao Qian built one long ago.


033
五言古诗
韦应物
送杨氏女

永日方戚戚, 出行复悠悠。
女子今有行, 大江溯轻舟。
尔辈苦无恃, 抚念益慈柔;
幼为长所育, 两别泣不休。
对此结中肠, 义往难复留。
自小阙内训, 事姑贻我忧;
赖兹托令门, 仁恤庶无尤。
贫俭诚所尚, 资从岂待周!
孝恭遵妇道, 容止顺其猷。
别离在今晨, 见尔当何秋?
居闲始自遣, 临感忽难收。
归来视幼女, 零泪缘缨流。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Wei Yingwu
TO MY DAUGHTER
ON HER MARRIAGE INTO THE YANG FAMILY

My heart has been heavy all day long
Because you have so far to go.
The marriage of a girl, away from her parents,
Is the launching of a little boat on a great river.
...You were very young when your mother died,
Which made me the more tender of you.
Your elder sister has looked out for you,
And now you are both crying and cannot part.
This makes my grief the harder to bear;
Yet it is right that you should go.
...Having had from childhood no mother to guide you,
How will you honour your mother-in-law?
It's an excellent family; they will be kind to you,
They will forgive you your mistakes --
Although ours has been so pure and poor
That you can take them no great dowry.
Be gentle and respectful, as a woman should be,
Careful of word and look, observant of good example.
...After this morning we separate,
There's no knowing for how long....
I always try to hide my feelings --
They are suddenly too much for me,
When I turn and see my younger daughter
With the tears running down her cheek.


034
五言古诗
柳宗元
晨诣超师院读禅经

汲井漱寒齿, 清心拂尘服,
闲持贝叶书, 步出东斋读。
真源了无取, 忘迹世所逐;
遗言冀可冥, 缮性何由熟?
道人庭宇静, 苔色连深竹;
日出雾露余, 青松如膏沐。
澹然离言说, 悟悦心自足。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Liu Zongyuan
READING BUDDHIST CLASSICS WITH ZHAO
AT HIS TEMPLE IN THE EARLY MORNING

I clean my teeth in water drawn from a cold well;
And while I brush my clothes, I purify my mind;
Then, slowly turning pages in the Tree-Leaf Book,
I recite, along the path to the eastern shelter.
...The world has forgotten the true fountain of this teaching
And people enslave themselves to miracles and fables.
Under the given words I want the essential meaning,
I look for the simplest way to sow and reap my nature.
Here in the quiet of the priest's templecourtyard,
Mosses add their climbing colour to the thick bamboo;
And now comes the sun, out of mist and fog,
And pines that seem to be new-bathed;
And everything is gone from me, speech goes, and reading,
Leaving the single unison.


035
五言古诗
柳宗元
溪居

久为簪组累, 幸此南夷谪。
闲依农圃邻, 偶似山林客。
晓耕翻露草, 夜榜响溪石,
来往不逢人, 长歌楚天碧。

Five-character-ancient-verse
Liu Zongyuan
DWELLING BY A STREAM

I had so long been troubled by official hat and robe
That I am glad to be an exile here in this wild southland.
I am a neighbour now of planters and reapers.
I am a guest of the mountains and woods.
I plough in the morning, turning dewy grasses,
And at evening tie my fisher-boat, breaking the quiet stream.
Back and forth I go, scarcely meeting anyone,
And sing a long poem and gaze at the blue sky.

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