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外贸术语中英对照

    来源:翻译界  浏览次数:3320  添加时间:2008/4/28
出口信贷 export credit
  出口津贴 export subsidy
  商品 倾销 dumping
  外汇倾销 exchange dumping
  优惠关税 special preferences
  保税仓库 bonded warehouse
  贸易顺差 favorable balance of trade
  贸易逆差 unfavorable balance of trade
  进口配额制 import quotas
  自由贸易区 free trade zone
  对外贸易值 &#118alue of foreign trade
  国际贸易值 &#118alue of international trade
  普遍优惠制 generalized system of preferences-GSP
  最惠国待遇 most-favored nation treatment-MFNT
价格术语trade term (price term)  
  运费freight
  单价 price         
  码头费wharfage
  总值 total &#118alue      
  卸货费landing charges
  金额 amount         
  关税customs duty
  净价 net price       
  印花税stamp duty
  含佣价price including commission
  港口税port dues
  回佣return commission   .
  装运港port of shipment
  折扣discount, allowance  
  卸货港port of discharge
  批发价 wholesale price  
  目的港port of destination
  零售价 retail price   
  进口许口证import licence
  现货价格spot price   
  出口许口证export licence
  期货价格forward price
  现行价格(时价)current price prevailing price
  国际市场价格 world (International)Market price
  离岸价(船上交货价)FOB-free on board
  成本加运费价(离岸加运费价) C&F-cost and freight
  到岸价(成本加运费、 保险 费价)CIF-cost,insurance and freight

交货条件
  交货delivery    
  轮船steamship(缩写S.S)
  装运、装船shipment
  租船charter (the chartered ship)
  交货时间 time of delivery  
  定程租船voyage charter
  装运期限time of shipment  
  定期租船time charter
  托运人(一般指出口商)shipper, consignor
  收货人consignee
  班轮regular shipping liner  
  驳船lighter
  舱位shipping space       
  油轮tanker
  报关clearance of goods   
  陆运收据cargo receipt
  提货to take delivery of goods
  空运提单airway bill    
  正本提单original B\L
  选择港(任意港)optional port      
  选港费optional charges
  选港费由买方负担 optional charges to be borne by the Buyers 或 optional charges for Buyers’ account

   一月份装船 shipment during January 或 January shipment
  一月底装船 shipment not later than Jan.31st.或shipment on or before Jan.31st.
  一/二月份装船 shipment during Jan./Feb.或 Jan./Feb. shipment
  在......(时间)分两批装船 shipment during....in two lots
  在......(时间)平均分两批装船 shipment during....in two equal lots
  分三个月装运 in three monthly shipments
  分三个月,每月平均装运 in three equal monthly shipments
  立即装运 immediate shipments
  即期装运 prompt shipments
  收到信用证后30天内装运 shipments within 30 days after receipt of L/C
  允许分批装船 partial shipment not allowed partial shipment not permitted partial shipment not unacceptable
  交易磋商、 合同签订
  订单 indent      
  订货;订购 book; booking
  电复 cable reply   
  实盘 firm offer
  递盘 bid; bidding   
  递实盘 bid firm
  还盘 counter offer  
  发盘(发价) offer
  发实盘 offer firm   
  询盘(询价) inquiry;enquiry
指示性价格 price indication
  速复 reply immediately
  参考价 reference price
  习惯做法 usual practice
  交易磋商 business negotiation     
  不受约束 without engagement
  业务洽谈 business discussion
  限**复 subject to reply **
  限* *复到 subject to reply reaching here **
  有效期限 time of validity  
  有效至**: valid till **
  购货合同 purchase contract  
  销售合同 sales contract
  购货确认书 purchase confirmation
  销售确认书 sales confirmation      
  一般交易条件 general terms and conditions
  以未售出为准 subject to prior sale
  需经卖方确认 subject to seller’s confirmation
  需经我方最后确认 subject to our final confirmation
贸易方式
  INT (拍卖auction)       
  寄售consignment
  招标invitation of tender
  投标submission of tender
  一般代理人agent      
  总代理人general agent
  代理协议agency agreement
  累计佣金accumulative commission
  补偿贸易compensation trade (或抵偿贸易)compensating/compensatory trade (又叫:往返贸易) counter trade
  来料加工processing on giving materials
  来料装配assembling on provided parts
  独家经营/专营权exclusive right
  独家经营/包销/代理协议exclusivity agreement
  独家代理 sole agency; sole agent; exclusive agency;   

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