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古诗(唐诗)三百首翻译中英对照(11)

    来源:翻译界  浏览次数:3505  添加时间:2008/5/3
208
七言律诗
白居易
自河南经乱,关内阻饥,兄弟离散,各在一处。因望月有感,聊书所怀,寄上浮梁大兄,于潜七兄,乌江十五兄,兼示符离及下邽弟妹。

时难年荒世业空, 弟兄羁旅各西东。
田园寥落干戈后, 骨肉流离道路中。
吊影分为千里雁, 辞根散作九秋蓬。
共看明月应垂泪, 一夜乡心五处同。


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Seven-character-regular-verse
Bai Juyi
TO MY BROTHERS AND SISTERS ADRIFT
IN TROUBLED TIMES THIS POEM OF THE MOON

Since the disorders in Henan and the famine in Guannei, my brothers and sisters have been scattered. Looking at the moon, I express my thoughts in this poem, which I send to my eldest brother at Fuliang, my seventh brother at Yuqian, My fifteen brother at Wujiang and my younger brothers and sisters at Fuli and Xiagui.

My heritage lost through disorder and famine,
My brothers and sisters flung eastward and westward,
My fields and gardens wrecked by the war,
My own flesh and blood become scum of the street,
I moan to my shadow like a lone-wandering wildgoose,
I am torn from my root like a water-plant in autumn:
I gaze at the moon, and my tears run down
For hearts, in five places, all sick with one wish.


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209
七言律诗
李商隐
锦瑟

锦瑟无端五十弦, 一弦一柱思华年。
庄生晓梦迷蝴蝶, 望帝春心托杜鹃。
沧海月明珠有泪, 蓝田日暖玉生烟。
此情可待成追忆, 只是当时已惘然。


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Seven-character-regular-verse
Li Shangyin
THE INLAID HARP

I wonder why my inlaid harp has fifty strings,
Each with its flower-like fret an interval of youth.
...The sage Chuangzi is day-dreaming, bewitched by butterflies,
The spring-heart of Emperor Wang is crying in a cuckoo,
Mermen weep their pearly tears down a moon-green sea,
Blue fields are breathing their jade to the sun....
And a moment that ought to have lasted for ever
Has come and gone before I knew.


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210
七言律诗
李商隐
无题

昨夜星辰昨夜风, 画楼西畔桂堂东。
身无彩凤双飞翼, 心有灵犀一点通。
隔座送钩春酒暖, 分曹射覆蜡灯红。
嗟余听鼓应官去, 走马兰台类转蓬。


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Seven-character-regular-verse
Li Shangyin
TO ONE UNNAMED

The stars of last night and the wind of last night
Are west of the Painted Chamber and east of Cinnamon Hall.
...Though I have for my body no wings like those of the bright- coloured phoenix,
Yet I feel the harmonious heart-beat of the Sacred Unicorn.
Across the spring-wine, while it warms me, I prompt you how to bet
Where, group by group, we are throwing dice in the light of a crimson lamp;
Till the rolling of a drum, alas, calls me to my duties
And I mount my horse and ride away, like a water-plant cut adrift.


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211
七言律诗
李商隐
隋宫

紫泉宫殿锁烟霞, 欲取芜城作帝家。
玉玺不缘归日角, 锦帆应是到天涯。
于今腐草无萤火, 终古垂杨有暮鸦。
地下若逢陈后主, 岂宜重问后庭花?


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Seven-character-regular-verse
Li Shangyin
THE PALACE OF THE SUI EMPEROR

His Palace of Purple Spring has been taken by mist and cloud,
As he would have taken all Yangzhou to be his private domain
But for the seal of imperial jade being seized by the first Tang Emperor,
He would have bounded with his silken sails the limits of the world.
Fire-flies are gone now, have left the weathered grasses,
But still among the weeping-willows crows perch at twilight.
...If he meets, there underground, the Later Chen Emperor,
Do you think that they will mention a Song of Courtyard Flowers?


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212
七言律诗
李商隐
无题之一

来是空言去绝踪, 月斜楼上五更钟。
梦为远别啼难唤, 书被催成墨未浓。
蜡照半笼金翡翠, 麝熏微度绣芙蓉。
刘郎已恨蓬山远, 更隔蓬山一万重。


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Seven-character-regular-verse
Li Shangyin
TO ONE UNNAMED I

You said you would come, but you did not, and you left me with no other trace
Than the moonlight on your tower at the fifth-watch bell.
I cry for you forever gone, I cannot waken yet,
I try to read your hurried note, I find the ink too pale.
...Blue burns your candle in its kingfisher-feather lantern
And a sweet breath steals from your hibiscus-broidered curtain.
But far beyond my reach is the Enchanted Mountain,
And you are on the other side, ten thousand peaks away.


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213
七言律诗
李商隐
无题之二

飒飒东风细雨来, 芙蓉塘外有轻雷。
金蟾啮璅烧香入, 玉虎牵丝汲井回。
贾氏窥帘韩掾少, 宓妃留枕魏王才。
春心莫共花争发, 一寸想思一寸灰。


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Seven-character-regular-verse
Li Shangyin
TO ONE UNNAMED II

A misty rain comes blowing with a wind from the east,
And wheels faintly thunder beyond Hibiscus Pool.
...Round the golden-toad lock, incense is creeping;
The jade tiger tells, on its cord, of water being drawn
A great lady once, from behind a screen, favoured a poor youth;
A fairy queen brought a bridal mat once for the ease of a prince and then vanished.
...Must human hearts blossom in spring, like all other flowers?
And of even this bright flame of love, shall there be only ashes?


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214
七言律诗
李商隐
筹笔驿

猿鸟犹疑畏简书, 风云常为护储胥。
徒令上将挥神笔, 终见降王走传车。
管乐有才原不忝, 关张无命欲何如?
他年锦里经祠庙, 梁父吟成恨有余。


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Seven-character-regular-verse
Li Shangyin
IN THE CAMP OF THE SKETCHING BRUSH

M&#111nkeys and birds are still alert for your orders
And winds and clouds eager to shield your fortress.
...You were master of the brush, and a sagacious general,
But your Emperor, defeated, rode the prison-cart.
You were abler than even the greatest Zhou statesmen,
Yet less fortunate than the two Shu generals who were killed in action.
And, though at your birth-place a temple has been built to you,
You never finished singing your Song of the Holy Mountain


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215
七言律诗
李商隐
无题之三

相见时难别亦难, 东风无力百花残。
春蚕到死丝方尽, 蜡炬成灰泪始乾。
晓镜但愁云鬓改, 夜吟应觉月光寒。
蓬莱此去无多路, 青鸟殷勤为探看。


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Seven-character-regular-verse
Li Shangyin
TO ONE UNNAMED III

Time was long before I met her, but is longer since we parted,
And the east wind has arisen and a hundred flowers are gone,
And the silk-worms of spring will weave until they die
And every night the candles will weep their wicks away.
Mornings in her mirror she sees her hair-cloud changing,
Yet she dares the chill of moonlight with her evening song.
...It is not so very far to her Enchanted Mountain
O blue-birds, be listening!-Bring me what she says!


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216
七言律诗
李商隐
春雨

怅卧新春白袷衣, 白门寥落意多违。
红楼隔雨相望冷, 珠箔飘灯独自归。
远路应悲春晼晚, 残宵犹得梦依稀。
玉珰缄札何由达, 万里云罗一雁飞。


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Seven-character-regular-verse
Li Shangyin
SPRING RAIN

I am lying in a white-lined coat while the spring approaches,
But am thinking only of the White Gate City where I cannot be.
...There are two red chambers fronting the cold, hidden by the rain,
And a lantern on a pearl screen swaying my lone heart homeward.
...The long road ahead will be full of new hardship,
With, late in the nights, brief intervals of dream.
Oh, to send you this message, this pair of jade earrings! --
I watch a lonely wildgoose in three thousand miles of cloud.


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217
七言律诗
李商隐
无题之四

凤尾香罗薄几重, 碧文圆顶夜深缝。
扇裁月魄羞难掩, 车走雷声语未通。
曾是寂寥金烬暗, 断无消息石榴红。
斑骓只系垂杨岸, 何处西南任好风?


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Seven-character-regular-verse
Li Shangyin
TO ONE UNNAMED IV

A faint phoenix-tail gauze, fragrant and doubled,
Lines your green canopy, closed for the night....
Will your shy face peer round a moon-shaped fan,
And your voice be heard hushing the rattle of my carriage?
It is quiet and quiet where your gold lamp dies,
How far can a pomegranate-blossom whisper?
...I will tether my horse to a river willow
And wait for the will of the southwest wind.


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218
七言律诗
李商隐
无题之五

重帷深下莫愁堂, 卧后清宵细细长。
神女生涯原是梦, 小姑居处本无郎。
风波不信菱枝弱, 月露谁教桂叶香。
直道相思了无益, 未妨惆怅是清狂。


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Seven-character-regular-verse
Li Shangyin
TO ONE UNNAMED V

There are many curtains in your care-free house,
Where rapture lasts the whole night long.
...What are the lives of angels but dreams
If they take no lovers into their rooms?
...Storms are ravishing the nut-horns,
Moon- dew sweetening cinnamon-leaves
I know well enough naught can come of this union,
Yet how it serves to ease my heart!


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219
七言律诗
温庭筠
利洲南渡

澹然空水对斜晖, 曲岛苍茫接翠微。
波上马嘶看棹去, 柳边人歇待船归。
数丛沙草群鸥散, 万顷江田一鹭飞。
谁解乘舟寻范蠡? 五湖烟水独忘机。


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Seven-character-regular-verse
Wen Tingyun
NEAR THE LIZHOU FERRY

The sun has set in the water's clear void,
And little blue islands are one with the sky.
On the bank a horse neighs. A boat goes by.
People gather at a willow- clump and wait for the ferry.
Down by the sand-bushes sea-gulls are circling,
Over the wide river-lands flies an egret.
...Can you guess why I sail, like an ancient wise lover,
Through the misty Five Lakes, forgetting words?


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220
七言律诗
温庭筠
苏武庙

苏武魂销汉使前, 古祠高树两茫然。
云边雁断胡天月, 陇上羊归塞草烟。
回日楼台非甲帐, 去时冠剑是丁年。
茂陵不见封侯印, 空向秋波哭逝川。


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Seven-character-regular-verse
Wen Tingyun
THE TEMPLE OF SU WU

Though our envoy, Su Wu, is gone, body and soul,
This temple survives, these trees endure....
Wildgeese through the clouds are still calling to the moon there
And hill-sheep unshepherded graze along the border.
...Returning, he found his country changed
Since with youthful cap and sword he had left it.
His bitter adventures had won him no title....
Autumn-waves endlessly sob in the river.


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221
七言律诗
薛逢
宫词

十二楼中尽晓妆, 望仙楼上望君王。
锁衔金兽连环冷, 水滴铜龙昼漏长。
云髻罢梳还对镜, 罗衣欲换更添香。
遥窥正殿帘开处, 袍裤宫人扫御床。


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Seven-character-regular-verse
Xue Feng
A PALACE POEM

In twelve chambers the ladies, decked for the day,
Peer afar for their lord from their Fairy-View Lodge;
The golden toad guards the lock on the door-chain,
And the bronze-dragon water-clock drips through the morning
Till one of them, tilting a mirror, combs her cloud of hair
And chooses new scent and a change of silk raiment;
For she sees, between screen-panels, deep in the palace,
Eunuchs in court-dress preparing a bed.


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222
七言律诗
秦韬玉
贫女

蓬门未识绮罗香, 拟托良媒益自伤。
谁爱风流高格调, 共怜时世俭梳妆。
敢将十指夸针巧, 不把双眉斗画长。
苦恨年年压金线, 为他人作嫁衣裳。


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Seven-character-regular-verse
Qin Taoyu
A POOR GIRL

Living under a thatch roof, never wearing fragrant silk,
She longs to arrange a marriage, but how could she dare?
Who would know her simple face the loveliest of them all
When we choose for worldliness, not for worth?
Her fingers embroider beyond compare,
But she cannot vie with painted brows;
And year after year she has sewn gold thread
On bridal robes for other girls.


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